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"Major League Baseball All-Century Team In 1999, the Major League Baseball All-Century Team was chosen by popular vote of fans. To select the team, a panel of experts first compiled a list of the 100 greatest Major League Baseball players from the past century. Over two million fans then voted on the players using paper and online ballots. The top two vote-getters from each position, except outfielders (nine), and the top six pitchers were placed on the team. A select panel then added five legends to create a thirty-man team:—Warren Spahn (who finished #10 among pitchers), Christy Mathewson (#14 among pitchers), Lefty Grove (#18 among pitchers), Honus Wagner (#4 among shortstops), and Stan Musial (#11 among outfielders). The nominees for the All-Century team were presented at the 1999 All-Star Game at Fenway Park. Preceding Game 2 of the 1999 World Series, the members of the All-Century Team were revealed. Every living player named to the team attended. For the complete list of the 100 players nominated, see The MLB All-Century Team. Selected players Pete Rose controversy There was controversy over the inclusion in the All-Century Team of Pete Rose, who had been banned from baseball for life 10 years earlier. Some questioned Rose's presence on a team officially endorsed by Major League Baseball, but fans at the stadium gave him a standing ovation. During the on-field ceremony, which was emceed by Hall of Fame broadcaster Vin Scully, NBC Sports' Jim Gray questioned Rose about his refusal to admit to gambling on baseball. Gray's interview became controversial, with some arguing that it was good journalism, while others objected that the occasion was an inappropriate setting for Gray's persistence. After initially refusing to do so, Gray apologized a few days later. On January 8, 2004, more than four years later, Rose admitted publicly to betting on baseball games in his autobiography My Prison Without Bars. See also Major League Baseball All-Time Team, a similar team chosen by the Baseball Writers' Association of America in Latino Legends Team DHL Hometown Heroes (2006): the most outstanding player in the history of each MLB franchise, based on on-field performance, leadership quality and character value List of MLB awards Team of the century National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum References External links All-Century Team Vote Totals from ESPN.com All-Century Team DVD from Amazon.com All-Century Team Information from Baseball Almanac Category:1999 Major League Baseball season Category:Major League Baseball trophies and awards Category:History of Major League Baseball Category:Awards established in 1999"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"2017 XIXO Ladies Open Hódmezővásárhely – Doubles Laura Pigossi and Nadia Podoroska were the defending champions, but both players chose not to participate. Kotomi Takahata and Prarthana Thombare won the title after Ulrikke Eikeri and Tereza Mrdeža retired in the final at 1–0. Seeds Draw References Main Draw XIXO Ladies Open Hódmezővásárhely - Doubles"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Michele Orecchia Michele Orecchia (26 December 1903 – 11 December 1981) was an Italian professional road bicycle racer, who won one stage in the 1932 Tour de France. He also competed in the individual and team road race events at the 1928 Summer Olympics. Major results 1927 Giro del Sestriere 1929 Giro d'Italia: 9th place overall classification 1932 Tour de France: Winner stage 8 References External links Official Tour de France results for Michele Orecchia Category:1903 births Category:1981 deaths Category:Italian male cyclists Category:Italian Tour de France stage winners Category:Sportspeople from Marseille Category:Olympic cyclists of Italy Category:Cyclists at the 1928 Summer Olympics Category:Tour de France cyclists Category:French male cyclists"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Stefan Priebe Stefan Priebe is a psychologist and psychiatrist of German and British nationality. He grew up in West-Berlin, studied in Hamburg, and was Head of the Department of Social Psychiatry at the Free University Berlin until 1997. He is Professor of Social and Community Psychiatry at Queen Mary, University of London, and Director of a World Health Organization collaborating centre, the only one specifically for Mental Health Services Development. He heads a research group in social psychiatry and has published more than 600 peer-reviewed scientific papers. References External links Category:1953 births Category:Living people Category:Place of birth missing (living people) Category:German psychologists Category:German psychiatrists Category:British psychologists Category:British psychiatrists Category:Free University of Berlin faculty Category:Academics of Queen Mary University of London Category:People from Berlin"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Molly Henderson Molly Henderson (born September 14, 1953) is a former Commissioner of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. The Commissioners are the chief executive and legislative officials of the County, which has 500,000 residents spread over and an annual County budget of $300 million. Henderson was elected in 2003 to a four-year term and was the lone Democrat on the Board of Commissioners in a County where Republicans outnumber Democrats two to one. Henderson was previously Head of Public Health for the City of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, the County seat. Henderson was not re-elected as Lancaster County Commissioner on November 7, 2007. Henderson was succeeded by Craig Lehman as the minority Commissioner. Other careers She is a former high school and college teacher, holding a doctorate degree from Temple University, a master's degree from West Chester University and her B.S. from James Madison University. Henderson is also a Respiratory Therapist and worked at Lancaster General Hospital prior to her teaching and government careers. Henderson’s book Pressed: Public Money, Private Profit - A Cautionary Tale tells the story of the development, building, and financing of the Lancaster County Convention Center and Marriott Hotel in downtown Lancaster. The highly controversial “convention center project,” as it was known to those in Lancaster County (pop. 510,000), was originally proposed in 1999 as a $75 million “public-private” partnership. The project included a publicly-owned convention center ($30 million) and a privately-owned hotel ($45 million). By the time the convention center and hotel opened in 2009, the project’s cost had ballooned to more than $170 million, with more than 90% of the total cost of both the convention center and hotel borne by Pennsylvania taxpayers. Political views Henderson is a notable opponent of the Lancaster County Convention Center Authority's controversial $170 million hotel/convention center in downtown Lancaster on the site of the former Watt & Shand building. The project's supporters believe it would promote the revitalization of the city's center. Its opponents, however, feel it poses an unacceptable risk to taxpayers. The hotel portion of the project is owned 50% by Lancaster Newspapers, Inc. which have been accused of using their monopoly print position in the County to promote the project and stifle opposition. Henderson has been referenced in more than 2,200 newspaper articles, over 700 of which concern the Lancaster County Convention Center project, many of them attacking her position. Personal life Henderson is married to Alex Henderson and has two children, Alexander "Ander" Henderson and Leslie Henderson. See also Lancaster County Lancaster City Lancaster Newspapers References External links Official Lancaster County Site Campaign Site Category:1953 births Category:Living people Category:County commissioners in Pennsylvania Category:Temple University alumni Category:Politicians from Lancaster, Pennsylvania Category:People from Cumberland, Maryland Category:West Chester University alumni Category:James Madison University alumni Category:Women in Pennsylvania politics Category:Pennsylvania Democrats"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Vasa, Minnesota Vasa is an unincorporated community in Vasa Township, Goodhue County, Minnesota, United States. The community is nine miles east of Cannon Falls at the junction of State Highway 19 (MN 19) and County 7 Boulevard. It is within ZIP code 55089 based in Welch. Nearby places include Cannon Falls, Red Wing, Welch, and White Rock. Vasa is 12 miles west-southwest of Red Wing. References Category:Unincorporated communities in Minnesota Category:Unincorporated communities in Goodhue County, Minnesota"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Rakestraw Rakestraw is a surname. Notable people with the surname include: Larry Rakestraw (born 1942), American football player Paulette Rakestraw (born 1967), American politician from the state of Georgia Wilbur Rakestraw (1928–2014), American racing driver W. Vincent Rakestraw (born 1940), Former Assistant Attorney General of the United States, Former Special Assistant to the Ambassador of India See also Rakestraw House, a historic home located near Garrett in Keyser Township, DeKalb County, Indiana. Category:English-language surnames"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Udzungwa red colobus The Uzungwa red colobus (Piliocolobus gordonorum), also known as the Udzungwa red colobus or Iringa red colobus, is a species of primate in the family Cercopithecidae. It is endemic to riverine and montane forest in the Udzungwa Mountains in Tanzania. It is threatened by habitat loss. References Uzungwa red colobus Category:Endemic fauna of Tanzania Category:Mammals of Tanzania Category:Endangered fauna of Africa Uzungwa red colobus Category:Taxonomy articles created by Polbot Category:Primates of Africa"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Jake Jones James Murrell "Jake" Jones (November 23, 1920 – December 13, 2000) was a first baseman in Major League Baseball who played between and for the Chicago White Sox (1941–42, 1946–47) and Boston Red Sox (1947–48). Listed at 6'3", 197 lb., Jones batted and threw right-handed. He was born in Epps, Louisiana. Career Jones was a highly decorated World War II veteran. He played 10 games in the American League for Chicago, in part of two seasons, before enlisting in the United States Navy right after Pearl Harbor attack. He joined the service on June 30, 1942, becoming an aviator. In November 1943 he was assigned to the unit on the USS Yorktown (CV-10), flying Grumman F6F Hellcat fighters. Between November and December 1944, Jones destroyed two Japanese A6M Zero and damaged one of them. On February 1, 1945, he shot down another three Zeroes while serving on a mission at northeast of Tokyo, to give him five confirmed victories. A day later, he annihilated other Zero and a Nakajima Ki-43. Then, on February 25 he received a half-share of a probable Ki-43. For his heroic action, Jones was awarded the Silver Star, two Distinguished Flying Cross and four Air Medals. Following his service discharge, Jones returned to play for Chicago in 1946. During the 1947 midseason he was dealt to the Boston Red Sox in exchange for Rudy York, batting a combined .237 with 19 home runs and 96 RBI that season. He hit .200 in 36 games for Boston in 1948, his last major league season, and finished his baseball career in 1949, dividing his playing time between the Texas League and American Association. Jones died in his hometown of Epps, Louisiana at age 80. References Baseball in Wartime Baseball Reference BR Bullpen Category:Boston Red Sox players Category:Chicago White Sox players Category:Major League Baseball first basemen Category:Recipients of the Distinguished Flying Cross (United States) Category:Recipients of the Silver Star Category:Baseball players from Louisiana Category:People from West Carroll Parish, Louisiana Category:1920 births Category:2000 deaths Category:United States Navy pilots of World War II Category:United States Navy officers Category:Recipients of the Air Medal"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Alexander Bell Donald Alexander Bell Donald (18 August 1842–7 March 1922) was a New Zealand seaman, sailmaker, merchant and ship owner. He was born in Inverkeithing, Fife, Scotland on 18 August 1842. References Category:1842 births Category:1922 deaths Category:Scottish emigrants to New Zealand Category:People from Inverkeithing"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"XEMS-AM XEMS (branded as Radio Mexicana) is a Regional Mexican radio station that serves the Brownsville, Texas (United States) / Matamoros, Tamaulipas (Mexico) border area. History XEMS began broadcasting on 1500 kHz in 1952. It soon moved to 1490. External links radioavanzado.com raiostationworld.com; Radio stations in the Rio Grande Valley References Category:Spanish-language radio stations Category:Radio stations in Matamoros"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Taraboura Taraboura (Greek: Ταραμπούρα) is a neighbourhood in the city of Patras. It is named after one of the Albanians in which he lived and had his house in his area. Until 1990, it had a tall for the entrance and exit for carriage wheels and vehicles in Patras. Residential housing arrived in 1980. Taraboura features a closed arena where Olympiada Patras plays. It is located at 24 Tisonas Street with the postcode 26623. Its capacity is 2,500 people. References ''The first version of the article is translated and is based from the article at the Greek Wikipedia (el:Main Page) Category:Neighborhoods in Patras"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Florida National Cemetery Florida National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery located near the city of Bushnell in Sumter County, Florida. Administered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs it encompasses and began interments in 1988. It is now one of the busiest cemeteries in the United States. History Florida National Cemetery is located in the Withlacoochee State Forest, approximately north of Tampa. The forest was acquired by the federal government from private landowners between 1936 and 1939 under the provisions of the U.S. Land Resettlement Administration. The United States Forest Service managed the property until a lease-purchase agreement transferred it to the Florida Board of Forestry in 1958. Currently, Withlacoochee State Forest is the second-largest state forest in Florida, divided into eight distinct tracts of land. In 1842, Congress encouraged settlement here by establishing the Armed Occupation Act. The law granted a patent for to any man who kept a gun and ammunition, built a house, cultivated of the land and remained there for at least five years. Settlers moved in to take advantage of the generous offer. The area contained abundant timber and suitable farmland, appealing attributes to frontiersmen. In 1845 Florida was granted statehood. During the Civil War, a sugar mill on the Homosassa River supplied sugar to the Confederacy. A robust citrus-growing industry developed in the eastern part of the area and became a focus of intense economic expansion soon after the war. In 1980, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) announced that it would establish a new national cemetery in Florida, its fourth. Two major locations for the cemetery were studied: property near the Cross Florida Barge Canal and the Withlacoochee State Forest. The Withlacoochee site, though more environmentally sensitive, was supported by government officials. In February 1983, the state transferred land to the VA for the development of a Florida National Cemetery. The first burial was in 1988 and a columbarium was opened in November 2001. In 1999, federal officials asked the Florida Cabinet to grant land for the expansion of the Florida National Cemetery, providing 65,000 to 100,000 grave sites for veterans in the state. Environmentalists argued that Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Forestry Division officials did not state whether the 179 acres of land within the Withlacoochee State Forest was surplus in accordance to a Florida constitutional amendment concerning the acquisition of land for conservation. Before the Florida Cabinet meeting on October 26, the Department Veterans Affairs and the Florida Cabinet agreed that 42 acres would be removed as they served as the habitat for several endangered species. Florida governor Jeb Bush and the Florida Cabinet voted 7-0 in favor of selling 137 acres of land to the Department of Veterans Affairs for the cemetery's expansion. Notable interments Medal of Honor recipients Master Chief Hospital Corpsman William R. Charette, U.S. Navy, for action with the Marine Corps in the Korean War. Master Sergeant James R. Hendrix, U.S. Army, for action with the 4th Armored Division at the Battle of the Bulge in World War II. Sergeant Major Franklin D. Miller, U.S. Army Special Forces, for action in the Vietnam War. Others Frank Baker, professional baseball player Philip J. Corso, U.S. Army lieutenant colonel Raymond Fernandez, aka "Hercules Hernandez", professional wrestler. Scott Helvenston, film trainer-stuntman and former Navy SEAL. Lieutenant Commander Mike Holovak, A U.S. Navy, skipper of PT boat in the South Pacific credited with sinking nine Japanese ships in World War II. Hal Jeffcoat, Major League Baseball pitcher and outfielder Major David Moniac, veteran of the Second Seminole War, first Native American graduate of United States Military Academy. Blackjack Mulligan, professional wrestler, author and football player Ernie Oravetz, Major League Baseball outfielder Colonel Leonard T. Schroeder Jr., the first soldier ashore in the Normandy Landings on D-Day, June 6, 1944, during World War II. Frank Stanley, cinematographer for Clint Eastwood films such as Breezy (1973), Magnum Force (1973), Thunderbolt and Lightfoot (1974) and The Eiger Sanction (1975) Champ Summers, Major League Baseball outfielder Notable monuments A carillon was constructed by the World War II AMVETS organization in an open area adjacent to the first administration building. It was dedicated on October 9, 1993. The cemetery contains a Memorial Pathway that in 2003 featured 47 plaques, statues, monuments, etc., honoring America's soldiers from 20th-century conflicts. References External links National Cemetery Administration Florida National Cemetery Category:Cemeteries in Florida Category:Protected areas of Sumter County, Florida Category:United States national cemeteries Category:1988 establishments in Florida"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Julia Kogan Julia Kogan is an American-French operatic coloratura soprano, writer, and presenter of Ukrainian ancestry. Biography Kogan's opera roles have included Queen of the Night in Die Zauberflöte, Zerbinetta in Ariadne auf Naxos, Blonde in Die Entführung, Madame Herz in Der Schauspieldirektor, Greta Fiorentino in Street Scene, and Fiordiligi Cosi fan tutte at the opera houses of Avignon, Indianapolis, Limoges, Manitoba, Toulon, Toulouse and in Oxford. She has been described as "a lively actress" with "a warm voice, round, elegant and expressive phrasing, and a remarkable knack for coloratura passages", "up to the challenge of a stratospheric soprano line". Kogan has concertized with repertoire ranging from Baroque to contemporary in Europe, North and South America, and Africa, including such venues as Carnegie Hall, Alice Tully Hall at the Lincoln Center, St. Petersburg's Glinka Hall, the Hôtel de Ville in Paris, the Alcazar Palace in Seville, the Library of Congress in Washington D.C., and collaborated with Chamber Orchestra Kremlin, Ensemble Calliopée, Figueiredo Consort, Junge Philharmonie Wien, Les Passions, The Little Orchestra Society, the Oxford Philharmonic, the Newcastle Baroque Orchestra, Saint Petersburg Chamber Philharmonic, Toulon Opera Orchestra, and Ukrainian National Symphony, among others. Julia Kogan wrote and presented the BBC Radio 4 documentary "The Lost Songs of Hollywood", which aired on 12 November 2015. It was chosen "Pick of the Week" on BBC radio. Releases Kogan's first solo album, "Vivaldi Fioritura" (2010), was recorded with Chamber Orchestra Kremlin under Misha Rachlevsky. Her second solo album, Troika (2011), was recorded with the St. Petersburg Chamber Philharmonic under Jeffery Meyer. Both albums were released on Rideau Rouge Records with distribution by Harmonia Mundi. References External links Official website http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b06nrqvk Category:American operatic sopranos Category:Living people Category:Ukrainian emigrants to the United States Category:Year of birth missing (living people)"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Confederación Revolucionaria de Obreros y Campesinos The Confederación Revolucionaria de Obreros y Campesinos (CROC) is a Mexican trade union confederation. It is one of the most important and influential trade unions in the History of Mexico. It was founded in April 1952. during a congress made by four workers centrals. Until 1980 the CROC had 750 000 workers inside the union, in only 17 of the 31 states and the Federal District (Mexico City); in this year the statements change in order to change the organization of the union by changing the presidency of the union, that was rotative and with only one year of duration to a presidency headed by a National Secretary General (Secretario General del Comité Ejecutivo Nacional). It currently has 4.5 million worker members throughout the 32 states in the country having also 17 National Industrial Confederacies; also 3.600 unions with 15 000 collective contracts. External links History of the Confederación Revolucionaria de Obreros y Campesinos (Campesinos an Workers Revolutionary Confederacy) Category:National trade union centers of Mexico Category:World Federation of Trade Unions Category:1952 establishments in Mexico Category:Trade unions established in 1952"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Gerda Gilboe Gerda Gilboe (5 July 1914 – 11 April 2009) was a Danish actress and singer. She appeared in 18 films between 1943 and 2003. Life Gilboe was born in 1914. She was the daughter of a blacksmith, Gilboe started her career in musical theatre and operas in Aarhus before she moved to Copenhagen to work at different theatres. Her national breakthrough came, when she accepted the role as Eliza in My Fair Lady at Falkoner Teatret at short notice in 1960. Although she was then in her mid-40s and had only five days to learn the part, the production was a huge success. In the following years she took on more and more non-singing roles, and besides her theatre career she took a degree in rhetoric. Later in her life she started teaching rhetoric and drama. She appeared in several films, receiving particular acclaim for her appearance as Esther in Carlo & Esther, a 1994 film. She plays a woman in her 70s who catches the attention of Carlo who has a wife with Alzheimer's disease. Rides on his motorbike lead to an affair. Death Gilboe died on 11 April 2009 at an actors' home in Copenhagen, aged 94. Filmography A Time for Anna (2003) Kærlighed ved første hik (1999) Dybt vand (1999) Besat (1999) Antenneforeningen (1999) Kun en pige (1995) Elsker elsker ikke... (1995) Carlo & Ester (1994) Lad isbjørnene danse (1990) Isolde (1989) Sidste akt (1987) Walter og Carlo – yes, det er far (1986) Pas på ryggen, professor (1977) Kun sandheden (1975) Den kyske levemand (1974) Lise kommer til Byen (1947) En ny dag gryer (1945) Moster fra Mols (1943) References External links Category:1914 births Category:2009 deaths Category:Danish female singers Category:Danish film actresses Category:Danish musical theatre actresses Category:People from Aarhus Category:Place of birth missing Category:Place of death missing Category:20th-century Danish actresses Category:20th-century singers Category:20th-century women singers"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Dymas In Greek mythology, Dymas (Ancient Greek: Δύμας) is the name attributed to the following individuals: Dymas, a Mariandynian who warned the Argonauts about the cruelty of Amycus, king of the Bebrycians. Both Mariandynians and Bebrycians lived in northwestern Asia Minor. Dymas, a soldier who fought on the side of the Seven Against Thebes. He took part in the foot-race at Opheltes' funeral games in Nemea. Dymas was wounded in battle and killed himself when the enemy started questioning him. Dymas, a Dorian and the ancestor of the Dymanes. His father, Aegimius, adopted Heracles' son, Hyllas. Dymas and his brother, Pamphylus, submitted to Hyllas. Dymas, king of Phrygia and father of Hecuba. Dymas, perhaps the same as the first. According to Quintus Smyrnaeus this Dymas was the father of Meges, a Trojan whose sons fought at Troy. Dymas, an Aulian warrior, who came to fight at Troy under the leadership of Archesilaus. He died at the hands of Aeneas. Dymas, a Trojan soldier who fought with Aeneas and was killed at Troy. Dymas, was mentioned in Homer's Odyssey as a Phaeacian captain, whose daughter was a friend to the princess Nausicaa. References Category:Kings of Phrygia Category:Characters in Greek mythology Category:Dorian mythology"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Mai-Mai The term Mayi-Mayi or Mai-Mai refers to any kind of community-based militia group active in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), formed to defend their local territory against other armed groups. Most were formed to resist the invasion of Rwandan forces and Rwanda-affiliated Congolese rebel groups, but some may have formed to exploit the war for their own advantage by looting, cattle rustling or banditry. Groups that fall under the umbrella term "Mai-Mai" include armed forces led by warlords, traditional tribal elders, village heads, and politically motivated resistance fighters. Because Mai Mai have had only the most tenuous internal cohesion, different Mai-Mai groups allied themselves with a variety of domestic and foreign government and guerrilla groups at different times. The term Mai-Mai does not refer to any particular movement, affiliation or political objective but to a broad variety of groups. Mai-Mai were particularly active in the eastern Congolese provinces bordering Rwanda, North Kivu and South Kivu (the "Kivus"), which were under the control of the Rwanda-allied Banyamulenge-dominated rebel faction, the Rally for Congolese Democracy–Goma (RCD-Goma) during the Second Congo War. While militias have long been common in the Kivus, particularly among the minority Batembo and Babembe ethnic groups, the recent wars and conflicts caused large numbers of town dwellers to form Mai-Mai. Although the Mai-Mai, either as a group or as individual groups, were not party to the 1999 Lusaka Accord meant to end the Second Congo War, they remained one of the most powerful forces in the conflict and the lack of cooperation from some groups has been problematic for the peace process. Mai-Mai in North and South Kivu According to a 2001 UN report, 20,000 to 30,000 Mai-Mai were active in the two Kivu provinces. The two most powerful and well-organized Mai-Mai groups in the Kivus were led by Generals Padiri and Dunia. Currently most active is a group which is called Mai-Mai Yakutumba, was organized in 2007 by General Yakutumba. They were reported to have received aid from the government of the Democratic Republic of Congo and are widely viewed by other Mai Mai groups as the leaders, though not the commanders, of the Kivu Mai-Mai. A number of smaller Mai-Mai groups, such as the Mudundu 40/Front de Résistance et de Défense du Kivu (FRDKI) and Mouvement de Lutte contre l'Agression au Zaïre/Forces Unies de Résistance Nationale contre l'Agression de la Républíque Démocratique du Congo (MLAZ/FURNAC), were reported to cooperate with the Rwandan military and Rally for Congolese Democracy–Goma (RCD-Goma). Walikale and Masisi north of Goma were the centres of Mai-Mai activity in North Kivu. In South Kivu, there have historically been concentrations around Walungu and Bunyakiri south of Lake Kivu, around Uvira and Mwenaga at the northern end of Lake Tanganyika, further south around Fizi, and around Shabunda, between the Rwandan border and Kindu. A Mai-Mai leader, Colonel Mayele, was arrested by UN forces in October 2010, allegedly being the leader behind mass rapes in the Walikale region of North Kivu province. Mai-Mai in Katanga A former leader of the Mai-Mai, Gédéon Kyungu Mutanga, turned himself over to MONUC troops in May 2006. He was found guilty of numerous war crimes between October 2003 and May 2006 and was sentenced to death by the Kipushi Military Tribunal in Katanga Province on 6 March 2009. He escaped from prison in September 2011 and formed the Mai-Mai Kata Katanga ("Secede Katanga"). Other Mai-Mai groups There was a large Mai-Mai presence in Maniema, in particular around Kindu and Kalemie. Province Orientale also hosts a number of Mai-Mai, but these groups were apparently involved in long-standing ethnic disputes. Mai-Mai Gedeon is also commanded by Gedeon Kyungu Mutanga and loosely tied to his Mai-Mai Kata Katanga. The Corak Kata Katanga also known as the Co-ordination for a Referendum on Self-determination for Katanga, composed mainly of former Katanga Tigers, a separatist group active in the 1960s. They claim to be behind the attack on the Katanga airport in February 2011. It is unclear to what extent all these groups are co-ordinated. The Nduma Defense of Congo (or Mai-Mai Sheka) was formed in 2009 by former minerals trader Ntabo Ntaberi Sheka, an ethnic Nyanga. Sheka claims the group was formed to liberate the mines of Walikale Territory in North Kivu. The NDC are accused of a mass rape of at least 387 women, men, and children over a three day span in Walikale in 2010. Mai-Mai and the mountain gorillas In May 2007, Mai-Mai killed two wildlife officers in Virunga National Park and threatened to kill mountain gorillas if the government retaliated. The Mai-Mai are also suspected of the killings of nine mountain gorillas, with the use of machetes, and automatic weapons. In an October 2012 incident, Mai-Mai killed two park staff and a soldier, while three soldiers were injured. From 1990 to 2018 some 170 Virunga Rangers have died in such attacks, according to the World Wildlife Foundation. Six Virunga Park Rangers were reported to have been killed in Virunga National Park. Five rangers and a driver were killed in an ambush and a sixth ranger was injured in the Central section of the vast reserve on April 9, 2018. Officials suspected the attacks were by the Mai-Mai. See also Resistance Patriots Maï-Maï Mai-Mai Kata Katanga Gédéon Kyungu Mutanga References External links Global Security description UN Assessment of armed groups in Congo, 1 April 2002 National Geographic Mai-mai atrocities included canibalism Category:Factions of the Second Congo War Category:History of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Category:History of Rwanda Category:Rebel groups in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Category:Rebel groups that actively control territory Category:Vigilantism"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Bob Alcivar Bob Alcivar (born July 8, 1938, in Chicago, Illinois) is an American music producer, composer, conductor and keyboard player. He is the father of rock keyboard player Jim Alcivar (Montrose, Gamma). Discography The Signatures - Their Voices and Instruments (1957) bass, arranger, vocals The Signatures - Sing In (1958) The Signatures - Prepare to Flip! (1959) Julie London - Around Midnight (1960) - composer The New Christy Minstrels - The Wandering Minstrels (1965) - vocal arrangement The New Christy Minstrels - New Kick! (1966) arranger, director The 5th Dimension - The Age of Aquarius (1969) - arranger The Association - The Association (1969) - arranger The Carnival - The Carnival (1969) - arranger Seals & Crofts - Seals & Crofts (1970) - producer The Sandpipers - Come Saturday Morning (1970) - producer & arranger The 5th Dimension - Portrait (1970) - arranger Sérgio Mendes & Brasil '77 - Love Music (1973) - arranger, keyboards, vocals Tim Weisberg - Dreamspeaker - (1974) - arranger Tom Waits - The Heart of Saturday Night (1974) - arranger The 5th Dimension - Soul & Inspiration - (1974) - arranger Sérgio Mendes & Brasil '77 - Vintage 74 - (1974) - vocal arrangement, rhythm arrangement Sérgio Mendes & Brasil '77 - Sérgio Mendes - (1975) vocal arrangement Montrose - Jump On It (1976) - string arrangement Bette Midler - Broken Blossom - (1977) - arranger on "I Never Talk To Strangers" (duet with Tom Waits) Bruce Johnston - Going Public (1977) - horn arrangement, string arrangement Tim Weisberg - Live at Last (1977) - producer Marilyn McCoo & Billy Davis, Jr. - The Two of Us (1977) - keyboards Ronnie Montrose - Open Fire (1978) - orchestra arrangement, conductor Tom Waits - Blue Valentine (1978) - orchestra The Beach Boys - Keepin' the Summer Alive (1980) - horn arrangements Tom Waits - Heartattack and Vine (1980) - string arrangement, orchestral arrangement, conductor Seals & Crofts - Longest Road (1980) - string arrangement Tom Waits - One from the Heart (1982) - piano, orchestral arrangement, conductor Ceremony - Hang Out Your Poetry (1993) - arranger, string arrangement Jazz at the Movies Band - One from the Heart: Sax at the Movies II (1994) - arranger, conductor Royal Philharmonic Orchestra - Symphonic Sounds: The Music of Beach Boys (1998) - conductor, orchestral arrangement Jazz at the Movies - The Bedroom Mixes (2000) - arranger Bob Alcivar - Bahai Prayers - (2000) Film Butterflies Are Free (1972) The Crazy World of Julius Vrooder (1974) Olly Olly Oxen Free (1978) One From the Heart (1982) The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas (arranger, 1982) Hysterical (1983) That Secret Sunday (TV) (1986) Blind Witness (TV) (1999) Naked Lie [TV] (1989) Roxanne: The Prize Pulitzer [TV] (1989) Sparks: The Price of Passion [TV] (1990) Deadly Medicine [TV] (1991) External links [ allmusic Biography] Film Reference Biography Category:1938 births Category:Living people Category:Musicians from Chicago Category:20th-century American keyboardists Category:Record producers from Illinois"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Peter Cooley Peter Cooley (born November 19, 1940) is an American poet and Professor of English in the Department of English at Tulane University. He also directs Tulane's Creative Writing Program. Born in Detroit, Michigan, he holds degrees from Shimer College, the University of Chicago and the University of Iowa. He is the father of poet Nicole Cooley. Career Prior to joining Tulane, Cooley taught at the University of Wisconsin, Green Bay. He was the Robert Frost Fellow at the Bread Loaf Writers’ Conference in 1981. Poetry and awards Cooley has published several books of poetry with the Carnegie Mellon University Press. He received the Inspirational Professor Award in 2001 and the Newcomb Professor of the Year Award in 2003. On August 14, 2015 he was named Louisiana's poet laureate. Bibliography Poetry Collections The Room Where Summer Ends (Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon University Press, 1979) Nightseasons (Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon University Press, 1983) The Van Gogh Notebook (Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon University Press, 1987) The Astonished Hours (Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon University Press, 1992) Sacred Conversations (Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon University Press, 1998) A Place Made of Starlight (Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon University Press, 2003) Divine Margins (Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon University Press, 2009) Night Bus to the Afterlife (Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon University Press, 2014) World Without Finishing (Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon University Press, 2018) List of poems References External links Peter Cooley listing in The Literary Encyclopedia Peter Cooley’s faculty page, Tulane University Peter Cooley author page at Virginia Quarterly Review, with links to poems Category:1940 births Category:Living people Category:American male poets Category:Poets Laureate of Louisiana Category:Shimer College alumni Category:The New Yorker people Category:Tulane University faculty"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Marine Air Control Group 38 Marine Air Control Group 38 (MACG-38) is a United States Marine Corps aviation command and control unit based at Marine Corps Air Station Miramar that is currently composed of five squadrons and one battalion that provide the 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing's tactical headquarters, positive and procedural control to aircraft, and air defense support for the I Marine Expeditionary Force. Mission Subordinate units 3rd Low Altitude Air Defense Battalion Marine Air Control Squadron 1 Marine Air Support Squadron 3 Marine Tactical Air Command Squadron 38 Marine Wing Communications Squadron 38 History Marine Air Control Group 38 was activated on September 1, 1967 at Marine Corps Air Station El Toro, California. The Group deployed to Saudi Arabia in August 1990 and later supported Operation Desert Storm. Elements of the group have supported Operation Restore Hope, Operation Safe Departure, Operation Southern Watch and Operation Stabilise. The group relocated to MCAS Miramar in October 1998. MACG-38 units began deploying to Kuwait in 2002 and the entire control group would eventually take part in the 2003 invasion of Iraq and continued to deploy today in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom through early 2009. They were headquartered at Al Asad Airbase in the Al Anbar Province from 2004 through the end of their last Iraq deployment in early 2009. Most recently the Group deployed to Camp Leatherneck, Afghanistan in March 2010. They are responsible for providing aviation command and control for the I Marine Expeditionary Force (I MEF) in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. They returned to The United States in Spring of 2011. See also United States Marine Corps Aviation List of United States Marine Corps aircraft groups List of United States Marine Corps aircraft squadrons References External links Category:United States Marine Corps air control groups Category:Military units and formations in California"
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"Neighbors (novel) Neighbors is a 1980 novel by American author Thomas Berger. It is a satire of manners and suburbia, and a comment on emotional alienation with echoes of the works of Franz Kafka. Earl Keese’s character and situation begin realistically but become increasingly fantastic. Keese is an Everyman whose life is swiftly turned upside down. As he scrambles to reclaim his sense of normalcy and dignity, he comes to think that everyone, including his family, is against him. Plot summary Earl Keese is a middle-aged, middle-class suburbanite with a wife, Enid, and teenage daughter, Elaine. Earl is content with his dull, unexceptional life, but this changes when a younger, less sophisticated couple, Harry and Ramona, move in next door. Harry is physically intimidating and vulgar; Ramona is sexually aggressive, and both impose themselves on the Keese household. Their free-spirited personalities and overbearing and boorish behavior endear them to Enid and Elaine, but Earl fears that he is losing control of his life and his family. Over the course of one night, the antagonism between Earl and his new neighbors escalates into suburban warfare. Analysis Berger's off-kilter tone blurs the line between paranoia and reality, defense and offense, action and intention, ally and adversary. Harry and Ramona seem to constantly undergo changes in their respective personalities and Enid and Elaine appear to choose sides against Earl at random, but Berger also implies that it is Earl’s sense of reality that is skewed and deluded. Earl is frustrated because he can never prove that Harry and Ramona are doing anything wrong on purpose, and the more he attempts to expose them, the more ridiculous he makes himself. Yet Earl comes to realize that Harry and Ramona have served as the crucible of his redemption: being forced out of his comfort zone of complacency and habit has provided him with an excitement he has never known before. As Earl comes to recognize value in his neighbors, he realizes that his wife is a distrustful alcoholic, his daughter is an underachiever and petty thief, and that his new neighbors can provide him with an escape from his existence of insignificance and emotional impotence. From a nightmare comes hope and a strengthened resolve to survive. In his study of Berger, writer Stanley Trachtenberg describes Neighbors as an existentialist parable in which "the loss of coherence between various aspects of self comically fragments the notion of identity and thus fictionalizes the existential concept of authenticity as a shaping condition of it." In a 1980 newspaper interview, Berger said of Neighbors, "As my 10th novel, begun at the close of my 20th year as a published novelist, it is appropriately a bizarre celebration of whatever gift I have, the strangest of all my narratives . . . the morality of this work, like that of all my other volumes, will be in doubt until the end of the narrative – and perhaps to the end of eternity, now that I think about it." Characters Earl Keese Enid Keese Elaine Keese Harry Ramona Adaptations A film version was released in 1981, starring John Belushi and Dan Aykroyd. It was also adapted into a play by Eve Summer, which premiered in Worcester, Massachusetts in 2007. References External links NPR.org | Tom Perrotta Hails Suburban Sendup 'Neighbors' Category:1980 American novels Category:American novels adapted into films Category:American novels adapted into plays Category:Novels by Thomas Berger (novelist)"
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"Music from McLeod's Daughters McLeod's Daughters have had many different songs for their closing credits which are written by Posie Graeme-Evans & Chris Harriot and performed by singer Rebecca Lavelle who also had a guest role in series 6 as Bindi Martin Song List Other Hey You by Abi Tucker who plays Grace McLeod from 2007 - 2008 and featured the song in Episode 196, My Enemy, My Friend. List of Released Songs Rebecca Lavelle Understand Me Common Ground Never Enough Don't Judge Love You, Hate You Heat Am I Crazy? We Got It Wrong The Siren's Song Hopeless Case Just A Child My Heart Is Like A River Theme Song - Version 1 Hey Girl (You Got A New Life) Take The Rain Away The Stranger Sometimes Too Young The First Touch In His Eyes By My Side Did I Tell You? Don't Give Up Gentle Gentle (Life of Your Life) Theme Song - Version 2 You Believed Had To Happen It Comes To This Charlotte's Song One True Thing I Wish The Past Was Different Locked Away Inside My Heart Our Home, Our Place Strip Jack Naked Broken Dreams This Perfect Day Trust The Night The Man I Loved (We Had No Time) Time Turn Over Drover's Run (My Heart's Home) Abi Tucker Hey You Speak My Angel List of Unreleased Songs Feet on The Ground by Rebecca Lavelle Room To Move by Rebecca Lavelle A Matter of Time by Rebecca Lavelle All I Ever Wanted was Love by Rebecca Lavelle Alone & Afraid by Rebecca Lavelle Belonging by Rebecca Lavelle I Reach Out by Naomi Starr Life Makes A Fool of Us by Rebecca Lavelle Love is Endless by Rebecca Lavelle Something So Strong by Rebecca Lavelle Sorrow by Rebecca Lavelle Stay by Rebecca Lavelle Tears on My Pillow by Rebecca Lavelle & Glenda Linscott Kate's Lullaby by Michala Banas Wake Up Gungellan by Doris Younane (Abi Tucker & Gillian Alexy Short Clip) Truckstop Woman by Doris Younane, Simmone Jade Mackinnon, Luke Jacobz, Gillian Alexy & Chorus Forever by Doris Youanne, Peter Hardy, Abi Tucker & Matt Passmore References External links McLeod's Daughters Official Website Dutch McLeod's Daughters Website Category:McLeod's Daughters"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Brown Man of the Muirs In the folklore of the Anglo-Scottish border the Brown Man of the Muirs is a dwarf who serves as a guardian spirit of wild animals. Folklore William Henderson provides an account of the Brown Man and a pair of hunters in Folklore of the Northern Counties (1879), taken from a letter sent by the historian Robert Surtees to Sir Walter Scott: In the year before the Great Rebellion two young men from Newcastle were sporting on the high moors above Elsdon, and at last sat down to refresh themselves in a green glen near a mountain stream. The younger lad went to drink at the brook, and raising his head again saw the "Brown man of the Muirs", a dwarf very strong and stoutly built, his dress brown like withered bracken, his head covered with frizzled red hair, his countenance ferocious, and his eyes glowing like those of a bull. After some parley, in which the stranger reproved the hunter for trespassing on his demesnes and slaying the creatures who were his subjects, and informed him how he himself lived only on whortleberries, nuts, and apples, he invited him home. The youth was on the point of accepting the invitation and springing across the brook, when he was arrested by the voice of his companion, who thought he had tarried long, and looking round again "the wee brown man was fled." It was thought that had the young man crossed the water the dwarf would have torn him to pieces. As it was he died within the year, in consequence, it was supposed, of his slighting the dwarf's admonition, and continuing his sport on the way home.Taylor, George and Raine, James (1852). A Memoir of Robert Surtees. Durham: George Andrews. pp. 81–2. Walter Scott in a return letter to Surtees suggested that the Brown Man may be related to the duergar (dwarfs) of Northumberland. Fairy tales In folklore the Brown Man appears as a solitary fairy, but in fairy tale literature he is a member of a tribe of similar beings. They once lived all over England and Scotland, but in the wake of human progress they dwindled in number and now live in a cave in Cumberland. Known as the Brown Men of the Moors and Mountains, they have great strength that allows them to hurl small boulders. By day they mine the mountains for gold and diamonds, and by night they feast in their underground hall or dance on the moors. They kidnap human children and kill any man they catch alone in the wilderness. However, they can be made subservient by repeating the incantation, "Munko tiggle snobart tolwol dixy crambo". See also Brownie (folklore) Redcap References Category:Dwarves (mythology) Category:English folklore Category:Scottish folklore"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Sprint International Sprint International may refer to: Sprint Corporation, telecommunications company The International (golf), golf tournament"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Kaltbrunn railway station Kaltbrunn railway station is a railway station situated in the municipality of Kaltbrunn in the Swiss canton of St. Gallen. It is located on the Uznach to Wattwil line, close to the western portal of the long Ricken Tunnel. The station is served by hourly St. Gallen S-Bahn service S4, which operates in both directions around a loop via Wattwil, St. Gallen, Sargans, Ziegelbrücke and Uznach. References Category:Railway stations in the canton of St. Gallen Category:Swiss Federal Railways stations"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Frederick Lohden Frederick Charles Lohden OBE (13 June 1871 – 13 April 1954) was an English sportsman who played rugby union as a forward at international level for England in a single game during the 1893 Home Nations Championship. After retiring from playing sport he became a sports administrator, most notably as the chairman of the Lawn Tennis Association. Personal history Lohden was born in Hartlepool in the north of England on 13 June 1871 to Jacob and Mary Lohden, and christened at Christ Church, Hartlepool on 12 July of that year. He attended Durham School as a youth, completing his education in France and Germany. In 1898 he was married to Margaret Emily Marshall of Broadwater, Sussex. With the outbreak of the First World War, Lohden, who already had military experience, was promoted to Lieutenant in the 4th Durham Volunteer Artillery. He later joined the East Surrey Regiment. In 1917 he was transferred to the Ministry of Shipping and was placed in charge of Standard Steamers, Russian Steamers and Oilers. He was awarded the Order of the British Empire in the 1919 New Year Honours for his work for the Ministry of Shipping. He later moved to Cheam on the border between London and Surrey where he worked as a shipping broker. Lohden later became the mayor of Sutton and Cheam, and was also made a Justice of the Peace. Sporting history Lohden showed promise as a sportsman while a youth, making the Durham School rugby XV while still a 15-year-old, the biggest forward in his team. On his return from education in mainland Europe he joined Hartlepool Rovers, and by the age of 19 he was selected to play at county level for Durham. By the 1892/93 season he was playing for one of England's premier clubs, Blackheath. While representing Blackheath he came to the attention of the English selectors and was chosen for the South of England team in the trials of the England squad. He was given his first and only cap in the opening game of the 1893 Home Nations Championship against Wales at the Cardiff Arms Park. The game started well for the English side, opening a 7–0 lead in the first half, one of the two tries scored by Lohden. A further England try at the start of the second half appeared to give England an overwhelming lead only to see an historic Welsh comeback, led by their talismanic captain Arthur Gould, which snatched victory from England in the final minutes. Although Lohden never played for England again, a series of minor injuries ending his career by 1896, he was selected for invitational tourists the Barbarians in 1893, and also represented Surrey county. After retiring from playing he kept up his connection with the sport of rugby by being elected onto the Durham County Rugby Union committee, serving them from 1896 to 1902. As well as rugby, Lohden was a keen sports shooter, and won the Baltic Exchange 'miniature' Championship for three years running. On returning to civilian life after the war, Lohden became increasingly active in the world of racket sports. A skillful badminton player he represented Surrey County playing in four consecutive London Badminton doubles finals in 1920. This was followed by the title of Veteran's Doubles Champion of England in 1921. That year Lohden also set up the Surrey Badminton Association, becoming their first honorary secretary. In 1907 Lohden put his sporting administrative abilities to further use when he was elected to the Surrey branch of the Lawn Tennis Association. He progressed to becoming the organisations chairman, and then in 1911 he joined the Council of the LTA. In 1933 he became chairman of the LTA and the year later its vice-president. References Bibliography Category:1871 births Category:1954 deaths Category:Rugby union forwards Category:English rugby union players Category:England international rugby union players Category:Barbarian F.C. players Category:Blackheath F.C. players Category:Sportspeople from Hartlepool Category:Officers of the Order of the British Empire Category:People educated at Durham School Category:British Army personnel of World War I Category:East Surrey Regiment officers Category:Tennis in the United Kingdom"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Association of Chief Police Officers The Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO), officially The Association of Chief Police Officers of England, Wales and Northern Ireland, was a not-for-profit private limited company that for many years led the development of policing practices in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Established in 1948, ACPO provided a forum for chief police officers to share ideas and coordinate their strategic operational responses, and advised government in matters such as terrorist attacks and civil emergencies. ACPO coordinated national police operations, major investigations, cross-border policing, and joint law enforcement. ACPO designated Senior Investigative Officers for major investigations and appointed officers to head ACPO units specialising in various areas of policing and crime reduction. ACPO was led by Chief Constable Sir Hugh Orde, QPM, who was, until 2009, the Chief Constable of the Police Service of Northern Ireland. He was elected as president by fellow members of ACPO in April 2009. ACPO was funded by Home Office grants, profits from commercial activities and contributions from the 44 police authorities in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Following the Parker Review into ACPO, it was replaced in 2015 by a new body, the National Police Chiefs' Council, set up under a police collaboration agreement under Section 22A of the Police Act 1996. Background UK policing sprang from local communities in the 1800s. Since the origins of policing, chief officers have regularly associated to discuss and share policing issues. Although ACPO as now recognised was formed in 1948, records of prior bodies go back to the early 1900s. The UK retains a decentralised model of policing based around the settlement which emerged from the Royal Commission on the work of the Police in 1962. ACPO continued to provide a forum for chief officers across 44 local police forces and 13 national areas across England, Wales and Northern Ireland, and provided local forces with agreed national policies and guidelines. ACPO failed to convince its sponsors to contribute to its survival and in May 2011 the BBC reported that ACPO would run out of money in February 2012 without extra funding. ACPO was half-funded by the Home Office and half by 44 police authorities. A third of police authorities refused to pay in 2010 and another third were undecided. The Association of Police Authorities said the withdrawal of funding by police authorities was "partly due to a squeeze on their income". ACPO was due to wind up formally in April 2015. Constitutional status Over time, demands for coordination across the police service increased as society changed, for example to take account of new developments in international terrorism and organised crime, or roles such as monitoring offenders on release from prison or working with young people to divert them from crime. In 1997 ACPO was incorporated as a private company limited by guarantee. As a private company, ACPO was not subject to freedom of information legislation. It was not a staff association; the staff association for senior police officers was a separate body, the Chief Police Officers Staff Association (CPOSA). The change in structure from a "band of volunteers" to a limited company allowed the organisation to employ staff, enter into contracts for accommodation and publish accounts. A number of options were considered for the status of ACPO, including charitable status, but all were discounted. Chief Constables and Commissioners are responsible for the direction and control of policing in their force areas. Although a national body and recognized by the government for consultation, ACPO had no powers of its own, nor any mandate to instruct chief officers. However, the organisation allowed chief officers to form a national policy rather than replicate the work in each of their forces. For example, after the 1980–81 riots in 27 British cities including in St. Pauls and Brixton ACPO began to prepare the Public Order Manual of Tactical Operations and Related Matters. Police forces began training in its tactics late in 1983. Membership ACPO was not a staff association. It acted for the police service, not its members. The separate Chief Police Officers Staff Association acts for chief officers. ACPO was composed of the chief police officers of the 44 police forces in England & Wales and Northern Ireland, the Deputy Chief Constable and Assistant Chief Constable of 42 of those forces and the Deputy Commissioner, Assistant Commissioner, Deputy Assistant Commissioner and Commanders of the remaining two - the Metropolitan Police and City of London Police. Certain senior non-police staff and senior members of national police agencies and certain other specialised and non-geographical forces in the UK, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands were also members. As of March 2010 there were 349 members of ACPO. The membership elected a full-time President, who held the office of Chief Constable under the Police Reform Act 2002. ACPO bodies ACPO was responsible for several ancillary bodies, which it either funded or which received Home Office funding but which reported to ACPO: ACPO Criminal Records Office The ACPO Criminal Records Office (ACRO) was set up in 2006 in response to a perceived gap in the police service's ability to manage criminal records and in particular to improve links to biometric data. The initial aim of ACRO was to provide operational support relating to criminal records and associated biometric data, including DNA and fingerprint recognition. It also issues police certificates, for a fee, needed to obtain immigration visas for countries including Australia, Belgium, Canada, Cayman Islands, New Zealand, South Africa and the United States. The organization continues under the style "ACRO Criminal Records Office" under the control of Hampshire Constabulary. ACPO Vehicle Crime Intelligence Service The Association of Chief Police Officers Vehicle Crime Intelligence Service (AVCIS), later the National Vehicle Crime Intelligence Service (NAVCIS), was managed by ACPO, and was responsible for combating organised vehicle crime and the use of vehicles in crime. National Community Tension Team The National Community Tension Team (NCTT) was an ACPO body which monitored religious, racial, or other tensions within communities, and provided liaison between police forces and community organisations. National Counter Terrorism Security Office The National Counter Terrorism Security Office was funded by, and reported to, ACPO and advised the British government on its counter terrorism strategy. Police National Information and Co-ordination Centre ACPO was responsible for coordinating the national mobilisation of police resources at times of national need through the Police National Information and Co-ordination Centre (PNICC), which it set up in 2003. This included ensuring policing resilience during major events such as emergency response to serious flooding or the investigation of a terrorist attack. PNICC sat alongside the government in COBR (Cabinet Office Briefing Room) to advise on national issues. PNICC also handled support to overseas crises involving UK nationals. It employed three full-time staff, with other staff seconded to it as needed and is funded by contributions from each of the police forces. Counter Terrorism Internet Referral Unit The Counter Terrorism Internet Referral Unit (CTIRU) was set up in 2010 by ACPO (and run by the Metropolitan Police) to remove unlawful terrorist material content from the Internet with a focus on UK based material. The December 2013 report of the Prime Minister's Extremism task force said that it would "work with internet companies to restrict access to terrorist material online which is hosted overseas but illegal under UK law" and "work with the internet industry to help them in their continuing efforts to identify extremist content to include in family-friendly filters" which would likely involve lobbying ISPs to add the CTIRU list to their filters without the need for additional legislation. National Wildlife Crime Unit The National Wildlife Crime Unit is a national police unit that gathers intelligence on wildlife crime and provides analytical and investigative support to law enforcement agencies. Controversies Freedom of information ACPO had been criticised as being unaccountable to Parliament or the public by virtue of its limited company status. In October 2009 Sir Hugh Orde stated that ACPO would be "more than happy" to be subject to the Freedom of Information Act. On 30 March 2010, the Ministry of Justice announced that ACPO would be included under the FOI Act from October 2011. In its response, the organisation stated that "Although organisations cannot voluntarily comply with the Act, a large proportion of ACPO's work is public already or available under FOI through any police force". In January 2011 its website still said it: "is unable to do is to respond to requests for information under the Act. The organisation is too small and there are too few members of staff to be able to conduct the necessary research and to compile the responses". From November 2011, however, FOI requests could be made to ACPO. Confidential Intelligence Unit In February 2009, the Mail on Sunday highlighted the involvement of ACPO in setting up the "Confidential Intelligence Unit" as a specialised unit to monitor left-wing and right-wing political groups throughout the UK. Commercial activities The February 2009 Mail on Sunday investigation also highlighted other activities of the ACPO including selling information from the Police National Computer for £70 despite it costing them only 60p to access it, marketing "police approval" logos to firms selling anti-theft devices and operating a separate private firm offering training to speed camera operators. Apartments The organisation was criticised in February 2010 for allegedly spending £1.6 million per year from government anti-terrorist funding grants on renting up to 80 apartments in the centre of London which were reported as being empty most of the time. The organisation responded that it had reviewed this policy and would reduce the number of apartments. Undercover activities As a result of The Guardian articles with regards to the activities and accusations of PC Mark Kennedy of the National Public Order Intelligence Unit within the National Extremism Tactical Co-ordination Unit, and the collapse of the subsequent trial of six activists, a number of initiatives and changes were announced: Acknowledging that "something had gone very wrong" in the Kennedy case to the Home Affairs Select Committee, Home Office minister Nick Herbert stated that ACPO would lose control of three teams involved in tackling domestic extremism. Herbert announced that the units would be transferred to the Metropolitan Police, with acting commissioner Tim Godwin confirming that this would occur at the earliest possible timescale. Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary announced that Bernard Hogan-Howe would lead an investigation into ACPO, to assess whether undercover operations had been "authorised in accordance with law" and "proportionate". The Association of Police Authorities said it was ending its annual £850,000 grant to ACPO. DNA database ACPO has supervised the creation of one of the world's largest per-capita DNA databases, containing the DNA profiles of more than one million innocent people. ACPO's guidelines that these profiles should only be deleted in "exceptional circumstances" were found to be unlawful by the UK Supreme Court in May 2011. They were found to be incompatible with the European Convention on Human Rights, following the ruling by the European Court of Human Rights in S and Marper v United Kingdom. On 1 May 2012, the Protection of Freedoms Act 2012 completed its passage through Parliament and received Royal Assent. To date, ACPO has not reissued revised guidelines to replace its unlawful DNA exceptional procedure. Big Brother Watch, in a report of June 2012, concludes that despite the Protection of Freedoms Act, the retention of DNA in England and Wales remains an uncertain and illiberal regime. Fake uniforms During the summer of 2011, Hugh Orde, then president of the ACPO, was seen wearing a dark blue police-style uniform with ACPO insignia, and was accused of wearing a fake uniform. Senior police officers claimed that the uniform was not that of any police force in the country but "closely resembled" the uniform worn by former Metropolitan Police Commissioner, Paul Stephenson. Sam Leith, an author, journalist and literary editor of The Spectator, mocked Orde's decision "to wear this Gadaffi-style pretend uniform on television", and suggested it was "a subliminal pitch for the Met Commissioner's job." Brian Paddick, at the time the Police Commander for the London Borough of Lambeth, said: "It's unusual for the president of ACPO to appear in all these interviews in uniform. He is sending a clear signal: how would I look in the commissioner's uniform?" One officer noted: "If anything, Hugh should be wearing the uniform of the Police Service of Northern Ireland because that's where he served. But their uniform is green, not the dark blue he currently wears." An ACPO spokesperson stated that the "Police Reform Act 2002 states that the President of the Association of Chief Police Officers holds the rank of chief constable. Not being a member of a particular force, the President wears a generic police uniform". Parker Review In 2013, an independent review of ACPO by General Sir Nick Parker was published. It recommended that ACPO be replaced by a new body, in the interests of greater transparency and cost effectiveness. On the basis of these recommendations, a new organization, the National Police Chiefs' Council, was set up to replace ACPO, which it did on 1 April 2015. Notable members Commander Christine Jones (Metropolitan Police), lead on mental health issues References External links Association of Chief Police Officers website (archived link from March 2015) Category:Law enforcement in England and Wales Category:Law enforcement in Northern Ireland Category:Organizations established in 1948 Category:British intelligence agencies Category:Privately held companies of the United Kingdom Category:Counter-intelligence agencies Category:1948 establishments in the United Kingdom Category:2015 disestablishments in the United Kingdom Category:Law enforcement-related professional associations"
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"Jabal Omar 'Jabal Omar (جبل عمر ) is a neighbourhood located in Makkah, Saudi Arabia south of the Al Haram district. Description Jabal Omar is named for the hill Mount Omar that traditionally stood on the southern outskirts of Mecca and currently consists of a group of old housing units that were built randomly over the years. There are currently no facilities in the Jabal Omar area, especially sanitation facilities. However, in late 2006, a clearance program was begun in Jabal Omar to provide the necessary space for the establishment of the Jabal Omar project. Jabal Omar is in the Sub Municipality of Ajyad (بلدية أجياد). References Category:Neighborhoods of Mecca"
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"Maroš Ferenc Maroš Ferenc (born 19 February 1981, in Prešov) is a Slovak football goalkeeper who currently plays for 1. FC Tatran Prešov. References Category:1981 births Category:Living people Category:Slovak footballers Category:Association football goalkeepers Category:1. FC Tatran Prešov players Category:AS Trenčín players Category:MEAP Nisou players Category:MFK Zemplín Michalovce players Category:FC Eindhoven players Category:Slovak Super Liga players Category:Sportspeople from Prešov"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Tetsuya Nakashima Tetsuya Nakashima (中島哲也) (born 1959) is a Japanese film director. He was born in Fukuoka, attending high school in Chikushino. Nakashima was given the Best Director award at the 2005 Yokohama Film Festival for his film Kamikaze Girls. His 2010 film Confessions was selected as the Japanese entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 83rd Academy Awards and made the final shortlist in January 2011. He was originally slated to direct an adaptation of the hit manga Attack on Titan, but in December 2012 he left the project due to differences with the rest of the production team. Filmography Bakayaro! I'm Plenty Mad (1988) (segment 2) Happy-Go-Lucky (1997) Beautiful Sunday (1998) Kamikaze Girls (2004) Rolling Bomber Special (2005) Memories of Matsuko (2006) Paco and the Magical Picture Book (2008) Confessions (2010) The World of Kanako (2014) It Comes (2018) References External links Category:1959 births Category:Living people Category:Japanese film directors Category:People from Fukuoka Prefecture"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Kengo Ota is a Japanese football player for Grulla Morioka. Career After attending Osaka University of Health and Sport Sciences, Ota joined Grulla Morioka in January 2018. Club statistics Updated to 30 August 2018. References External links Profile at J. League Profile at Iwate Grulla Morioka Category:1995 births Category:Living people Category:Osaka University of Health and Sport Sciences alumni Category:Association football people from Kanagawa Prefecture Category:Japanese footballers Category:J3 League players Category:Iwate Grulla Morioka players Category:Association football defenders"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"1953 Kent State Golden Flashes football team The 1953 Kent State Golden Flashes football team was an American football team that represented Kent State University in the Mid-American Conference (MAC) during the 1953 college football season. In their eighth season under head coach Trevor J. Rees, the Golden Flashes compiled a 7–2 record (3–1 against MAC opponents), finished in a tie for third place in the MAC, and outscored all opponents by a combined total of 250 to 103. The team's statistical leaders included Lou Mariano with 816 rushing yards, Don Burke with 577 passing yards, and Gino Gioia with 84 receiving yards. Fullback Jim Cullom and offensive tackle Al Kilgore were selected as first-team All-MAC players. References Kent State Category:Kent State Golden Flashes football seasons Kent State football"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Fidel Antonio Vargas Fidel Antonio Vargas (born 28 July 1992) is a Cuban canoeist who won a silver medal in the K-2 200 m event at the 2015 Pan American Games, together with Reiner Torres. He competed in the individual 200 m at the 2016 Summer Olympics, but failed to reach the final. References Category:1992 births Category:Living people Category:Cuban male canoeists Category:Olympic canoeists of Cuba Category:Canoeists at the 2016 Summer Olympics Category:Place of birth missing (living people) Category:Pan American Games medalists in canoeing Category:Pan American Games silver medalists for Cuba Category:Canoeists at the 2015 Pan American Games"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"ChatSua ChatSua () is a Thai film based on a work by "Orawun" (lyu Sresawek). It was premièred on June 18, 1958, at Sala Chalermkrung Royal Theatre and Sala Chalermbure Royal Theatre. The film was directed by Prateb Gomonpis. It is a sequel to the 1956 film PraiKuarng. The film was the screen debut of Mitr Chaibancha, as Wai Sukda, and stars Rewadee Sewilai, Win Wunchai, Narmkern bunnuk, Praphasee Satornkid, Naiyana TanomSub, Usanee Isaranun, NoppaMad Sirisopon, Punga Suttirin, Porn Paroch, Pramin Jarujarit, Sail Poonsai, Sompong pongmitr, Sukon Kueawleam and Lortok. The film has grossed over 800,000 baht. The critical response was mostly favourable. References Category:Thai films Category:1958 films"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Sand Ridge State Forest Sand Ridge State Forest is a conservation area located in the U.S. state of Illinois. Containing , it is the largest state forest in Illinois. It is located in northern Mason County. The nearest town is Manito, Illinois and the nearest numbered highway is U.S. Highway 136. It is located on a low bluff, or "sand ridge", overlooking the Illinois River, hence the name. The sand ridge is believed to be an artifact of the post-glacial Kankakee Torrent. The Sand Ridge State Forest largely dates back to 1939, when the state of Illinois purchased parcels of submarginal sandy farmland for conservation purposes. The Civilian Conservation Corps planted pine trees on much of the land. Today, the state forest contains of dryland oak-hickory woodlands, of pine woodlands, and of open fields and sand prairies. Endemic species include the prickly pear cactus, Opuntia, more familiar to Mexicans and residents of the U.S. Southwest. The Sand Ridge State Forest contains the Clear Lake Site, an archeological site listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Current status In the 2010s, Sand Ridge is managed by the Illinois Department of Natural Resources (IDNR) as open space for active recreational purposes, especially whitetail deer hunting. Revis Hill Prairie, also located within Mason County, is operated by IDNR as a disjunct area of Sand Ridge State Forest. In early 2012, Sand Ridge State Forest lost about to a fire caused by a man burning brush in high winds which sparked the trees. External links Illinois DNR Sand Ridge State Forest site Category:1939 establishments in Illinois Category:Civilian Conservation Corps in Illinois Category:Illinois River Category:Illinois state forests Category:Protected areas established in 1939 Category:Protected areas of Mason County, Illinois"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Manhattan Airport Foundation The Manhattan Airport Foundation is a parody advocacy organization lobbying, as part of a hoax, for the development of an international airport replacing Central Park between 59th Street and 110th Street in Manhattan. The Foundation claims to have been founded in 2006 and that it is composed of members of civic, environmental and community groups as well as elected officials and city and state agencies. The Foundation states that their proposed 'Manhattan International Airport' would be the largest public works project to be undertaken in New York since the creation of Central Park. Once built, the Airport would provide a much needed international air hub offering vital transportation access to individuals living and working in the center of Manhattan. See also Aviation in the New York metropolitan area References External links The Manhattan Airport Foundation website Curbed Monogocoro Gothamist Treehugger U.S. News & World Report Category:Hoaxes in the United States Category:Parodies Category:Central Park"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Stone flaming Stone flaming or thermaling is the application of high temperature to the surface of stone to make it look like natural weathering. The sudden application of a torch to the surface of stone causes the surface layer to expand and flake off, exposing rough stone. Flaming works well on granite, because granite is made up of minerals with differing heat expansion rates. Process After removing a rock from a quarry, the rock is sliced into multiple flat slabs using a diamond gang saw. The saw leaves flat surfaces with circular marks. Flaming is done by wetting, and then running an oxygen-acetylene or oxygen-propane torch over the surface. As seen in both photos, the torch is usually kept at a 45 degree angle to the stone. Alternatives Alternative techniques for creating a rough surface on sawed stone include: bush hammering sandblasting hydrofinishing See also References External links Stone surfaces, photos of various surface treatments Palowy Stone, photos of stone flaming Understanding Flagstone: Sawcut, Thermaled, and Chiseled Edges Photos of hydrofinishing Category:Stonemasonry"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Rajki Rajki is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Bielsk Podlaski, within Bielsk County, Podlaskie Voivodeship, in north-eastern Poland. It lies approximately south of Bielsk Podlaski and south of the regional capital Białystok. See also Béla Rajki, Hungarian swimming coach and water polo coach References Rajki"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Avalancha de Éxitos Avalancha de Éxitos (Avalanche of Hits) was Café Tacuba's third album. In 1996, two years after their acclaimed Re, the band had amassed enough new music to fill four CDs, but couldn't winnow it down to a single album. So instead, they covered eight songs by other Spanish-speaking artists, who ranged from totally obscure to well-known. Track listing All the covers are very different from the originals - and from each other. Chilanga Banda is a hip-hop piece in Mexican slang (featuring the sound "ch"), and Ojalá Que Llueva Café is marked by fast-paced fiddle and rapid switching from chest register to head register - reminiscent, in fact, of yodeling. This is a continuation of the precedent the band established with Re, their previous album, of constant genre-shifting. Band members Anónimo (Rubén Albarrán): vocals, guitar Emmanuel del Real: keyboards, acoustic guitar, piano, programming, vocals, melodion Joselo Rangel: electric guitar, acoustic guitar, vocals Quique Rangel: bass guitar, electric upright bass, vocals References Category:Café Tacuba albums Category:1996 albums"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Burry Port railway station Burry Port railway station served the town of Burry Port (). It continued to serve the inhabitants of the area near Llanelli between 1909 and 1953 and was one of several basic halts opened on the Burry Port and Gwendraeth Valley Railway in Carmarthenshire, Wales (). History The station was opened as Burry Port in 1898 but regular passenger services began on 02 August 1909 by the Burry Port and Gwendraeth Valley Railway on the Kidwelly and Burry Port section of the line and was closed by the British Transport Commission in 1953 with the last passenger train running on Saturday 19 September 1953. It was on the southern section of the Burry Port and Gwendraeth Valley Railway with Pembrey to the north and Burry Port as the termuinus of the passenger line. The line had been built on the course of an old canal with resulting tight curves, low bridge clearance and a tendency to flooding. The freight service continued for coal traffic on the Cwmmawr branch to Kidwelly until 1996 by which time the last of the local collieries had closed down and the washery closure followed. Pembrey amd Burry Port on the West wales line lies to the east. Infrastructure The station had a single short platform, a brick built toilet block and a substantial corrugated iron ticket office and waiting room with a canopy on the northern side of the single line. The station had a run round passing loop and two carriage sidings, one of which also served a goods shed. Signalling was present. The Kidwelly route was used for coal trains, resulting in the lifting of track between Trimsaran Road and Burry Port by 2005. Burry Port railway station on the West Wales line stood close to the site of the old Burry Port and Gwendraeth Valley Railway. Services The station was open for use by the general public by 1909. Remnants The section of the old line between Burry Port and Craiglon Bridge Halt is now a footpath and the NCN 4 cyclepath. The station site is now part of a roundabout. Routes See also West Wales lines References Category:Disused railway stations in Carmarthenshire Category:Railway stations opened in 1898 Category:Railway stations opened in 1909 Category:Railway stations closed in 1953"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Anthony Iluobe Chief Anthony Iluobe (JP) was born in 1945 to the family of Chief and Mrs Joseph Agimhelen Iluobe (JP) of Ivue-Uromi of the Uromi Kingdom in Edo State. He is the owner, managing director and chief executive officer of Iluobe Oil and Gas Marketing Co. Ltd. He studied Engineering in Japan. He was previously the Chairman of Edo State Water Board. He was previously the Chairman of Independent Petroleum Marketers of Nigeria (IPMAN) Edo state Chapter. He is the father of Patrick Eromosele Iluobe, the minority leader of the Edo State House of Assembly. He is also the eldest brother of the jeweller Chris Aire. He lives in Edo State where he presides over his various business investments including Antilu Oil and Gas Ltd. He is married to Magistrate Martina U. Iluobe, The chief Magistrate II of Edo State and the presiding Magistrate of the Customary Court in Ekpoma, Edo State. References Category:1945 births Category:Living people Category:Edo people"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"1911 North East Cork by-election The North East Cork by-election of 1911 was held on 15 July 1911. The by-election was held due to the resignation of the incumbent All-for-Ireland MP, Moreton Frewen. Frewen resigned in order for Tim Healy, who was prominent in the All-for-Ireland League but who had been lost his seat in North Louth in the previous general election, to take his seat. Healy was unopposed and held the seat. References Category:1911 in Ireland Category:1911 elections in the United Kingdom Category:By-elections to the Parliament of the United Kingdom in County Cork constituencies Category:Unopposed by-elections to the Parliament of the United Kingdom (need citation) Category:July 1911 events"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Šeduva Šeduva () is a city in the Radviliškis district municipality, Lithuania. It is located east of Radviliškis. Šeduva was an agricultural town dealing in cereals, flax and linseed, pigs and geese and horses, at the site of a royal estate and beside a road from Kaunas to Riga. The population from the fifteenth century was Catholic and Jewish. Until then, Lithuania had been the last pagan kingdom in Europe and allowed freedom of worship and toleration of Jews and other religions. The first Catholic shrine of Šeduva, the Church of the Invention of the Holy Cross, was built and the parish founded between 1512 and 1529. The present brick church Cross was built in Šeduva in 1643 with a donation from bishop Jurgis Tiškevičius of Vilnius. During the 18th century the bell tower was added to the structure, with further renovations and extensions in 1905. Baroque and renaissance architectural styles characterise both the exterior and interior of the church. It has a cruciform plan with an apse, low sacristy and five altars. During the 15th century the region was redefined as the Voivodeship of Trakai and Vilnius. Later it became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania until the Union of Lublin in 1569 created the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Šeduva coat of arms were granted on June 25, 1654 by John II Casimir Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania and at the same time the city was granted burger rights at the request of Maria Ludvika, Queen of Poland. She descended from the Princes of Gonzaga, from Mantua in Italy. The arms of the family showed a black eagle. The small breastshield shows the French fleur-de-lis, because the Gonzaga family was related to the French Royal family. The eagle was made white in reference to the white eagle of Poland. 1792 Stanislaw II August Poniatowski, the last royal proprietor of Šeduva, concluded an agreement with the town's citizens, giving them rights to be excused from labour on the estate for a fee. In 1795, the year of a terrible fire in Šeduva, Lithuania became part of Russia when Poland was partitioned. From 1798, Baron Theodore von Ropp did not acknowledge the rights of Šeduva citizens and required of the citizens to perform labour in the town's manor. The citizens petitioned for their rights to the Russian Senate. In 1812, the Senate passed the decision to recognise the former charters of Šeduva. Between 1696 and 1762, a Jesuit mission, connected with their college at Pašiaušė, was active in the town, operating a lower school with 96 pupils up until 1828. After an insurrection in 1863 (the January Uprising), all parish schools in Šeduva were closed and replaced by public Russian language schools. In the same year a Russian Orthodox Church, designed by the architect Ustinas Golinevicius, was built and in 1866 a wooden Synagogue was added near the central market square. The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact between Nazi Germany and Communist Russia in August 1939 and the German-Soviet Boundary and Friendship Treaty a month later placed Lithuania under Soviet control. By June 1940 the Soviets had set up a pro-Soviet government and stationed many Red Army troops in Lithuania as part of the Mutual Assistance Pact between the countries. President Antanas Smetona was forced to leave as 15 Red Army divisions came in. The pro-Soviet puppet government was controlled by Vladimir Dekanozov and Justas Paleckis, and Lithuania was made part of the Soviet Union. A Sovietisation programme began immediately. Land, banks and large businesses were nationalised. All religious, cultural, and political organizations were abolished except the Communist party. 17,000 people were deported to Siberia, where many would perish. During the years of Lithuanian anti-Soviet partisan resistance (1944–1953) in Šeduva and neighbouring districts Lithuanian Žalioji rinktinė (The Green Squad), belonging to partisans' Algimantas military district was active. Industry Šeduva is famous for sheep farming, Lithuanian Black-headed sheep are grown. The state enterprise Šeduvos avininkystė is responsible for the preservation of the genetic stock of Lithuanian Black-Headed sheep. The Holocaust in Shadeve The German army invaded Lithuania on 22 June 1941, taking Shadova - Šeduva a few days later as part of Operation Barbarossa. At first the Lithuanian population considered the Nazis to be liberators saving them from the Red Army. Five hundred years of Jewish life in Shadova - Šeduva ended in just two days of slaughter. Shadova's Jews attempted to flee east to Russia but were badly treated by Lithuanian nationalists and most returned to their homes. The German forces entered Shadova - Šeduva on 25 June 1941 and were received with flowers by many locals. By the beginning of July, Jews had to wear the yellow Star of David. Jews who had participated in the Soviet rule were immediately arrested and executed. Jews were taken to dismantle the remnants of the munitions factory in Linkaičiai, and were then accused of stealing and executed. Others were forced into labour gangs. They were set to work cleaning the streets and at the warehouses of the rail station. All the work was guarded by armed Lithuanian militi. Next all the Jews of Shadova - Šeduva had to gather in the market place with no more than a small package each, and to hand over the keys to their houses to the police. Under guard, they were escorted at night to the village of Pavartyčiai, five kilometres north-west of Shadova - Šeduva, where they were crowded into two unfinished Soviet barracks surrounded with barbed wire. The Jews were ordered to hand over all their valuables and cash. Some were shot in the next few days. On 25 August 1941 the remaining Jews of Shadova - Šeduva were loaded on trucks and taken to Liaudiškiai, ten kilometres south-west of the town where the Rollcommando Hamann of Einsatzcommando 3 and Lithuanian collaborators of the 3rd company of the Tautinio Darbo Apsaugos Batalionas were waiting for them. Over the coming two days the entire Jewish community of Shadova was shot and buried in two pre-prepared mass graves. One site was located 400 meters north of the Shadova - Šeduva road and a second 900 meters north west of the same road, close to a path in the forest. The lists of mass graves in the book The Popular Massacres of Lithuania, Part II, include the following: Liaudiskiai forest about 10 km southwest of Šeduva, one site 400 meters north of the Šeduva road and a second site 900 meters northwest of the same road, close to a path in the forest. The Jäger report concludes that Einsatzcommando 3 registered the murder in Šeduva on the 25 and 26 August 1941 of 230 Jewish men, 275 Jewish women and 159 Jewish children, a total of 664 people. References External links The murder of the Jews of Šeduva during World War II, at Yad Vashem website. Category:Cities in Lithuania Category:Cities in Šiauliai County Category:Trakai Voivodeship Category:Shavelsky Uyezd Category:Holocaust locations in Lithuania Category:Radviliškis District Municipality"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Filatima asiatica Filatima asiatica is a moth of the family Gelechiidae. It is found in New Guinea, where it has been recorded from the Prince Alexander Mountains. References Category:Moths described in 1961 Category:Filatima"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Gary Wade Finley Gary Wade Finley Jr. a multiple time champion at Huntsville (AL) Speedway. Finley won the 1989 NASCAR Charlotte/Daytona Dash Series championship. Finley won the Daytona 200 event that year for the series. Gary Wade Finley Jr. arrived at Nashville Speedway USA in 1999 to compete in the NASCAR SuperTruck division at Nashville Speedway USA. The speedway was promoted by Alabama's Bob Harmon. Finley at season end claimed the rookie title and the championship title for the 1999 season. Gary Wade Finley Jr. is married to Misty Rose Finley and for the 2016 season heads up the teams of his two sons. Garrett Finley currently driving the open wheel modified division and actively competes at Huntsville (AL) Speedway. The younger son Austin, competes at Fairgrounds Speedway Nashville in the limited late model division. The 2016 season is his rookie season. References Category:Living people Category:Year of birth missing (living people)"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Rhône's 13th constituency The 13th constituency of the Rhône (French: Treizième circonscription du Rhône) is a French legislative constituency in the Rhône département. Like the other 576 French constituencies, it elects one MP using the first past the post election system with a run-off. Description The 13th constituency of the Rhône lies to the east of Lyon and is largely suburban in character. The largest town in the constituency, Meyzieu, lies close to Lyon's main airport. The constituency has elected by centre right and centre left representatives in recent years. At the 2017 election the PS vote collapsed to the extent that they came 6th in the first round with under 5% of the vote. Assembly Members References 13"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Columbia Center (Troy) The Columbia Center is a pair of twin towers on Big Beaver Road on Troy, Michigan. Both buildings were designed by Minoru Yamasaki & Associates, designers of One Woodward Avenue and the now-destroyed World Trade Center. Both buildings stand 14 floors and are 193 ft (59m) tall. At one time Northwest Airlines had a ticket office in Suite 115 of the complex. Columbia Center East Columbia Center East is located at 101 W. Big Beaver Road. The building was constructed in 1998, and finished in 2000. It stands at 15 floors in height, with 14 above-ground floors, and 1 basement floor. The high-rise is used as offices for a number of local and regional businesses. The building was designed in the modern architectural style, and uses mainly brick and glass. Columbia Center West Columbia Center West is located at 201 W. Big Beaver Road. The building was built in 1989, and has the same number of floors and basements as its younger twin. The high-rise is used for offices, restaurants, retail, and includes a fitness center. Like Columbia Center East, it was designed in the architectural style, and uses mainly brick and glass. References External links Category:Skyscrapers in Troy, Michigan Category:Skyscraper office buildings in Michigan Category:Office buildings completed in 2000 Category:2000 establishments in Michigan Category:Minoru Yamasaki buildings"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Richard Broun Richard Broun may refer to: Richard Broun (politician), see Members of the Western Australian Legislative Council, 1832-1870 Sir Richard Broun, 6th Baronet 13 Dec 1781 of the Broun Baronets Sir Richard Broun, 8th Baronet (1801–1858), of the Broun Baronets See also Richard Brown (disambiguation) Broun (surname)"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Vaganjac Vaganjac is a village in the municipality of Gornji Vakuf, Bosnia and Herzegovina. References Category:Populated places in Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Dominick & Dickerman Dominick and Dickerman is an investment and merchant banking firm, located in New York City. From 1899 through 2015, the firm was known as Dominick and Dominick. Following the sale of the wealth management business, the firm reverted to its original name, Dominick and Dickerman. The firm was founded in 1870 and is one of the oldest, continuously operated financial services institutions in the United States. Dominick & Dickerman LLC services its individual and corporate clients primarily through three business divisions: Private Wealth Management, Investment Banking and Institutional Sales. Private Wealth Management offers wealth management advise, including investment strategies, asset allocation, wealth and estate planning, insurance products and alternative investments. The Investment Banking team services public and private corporations around the world by raising capital, developing and implementing strategic merger and acquisition plans, and advising senior management teams on a variety of governance, operations and growth issues. Institutional Sales recommends and executes trading strategies for institutional clients in the United States and abroad. Dominick & Dominick LLC is headquartered in New York City and has offices in Basel, Switzerland. Dominick & Dominick LLC is a member of the Securities Investor Protection Corporation and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. History Founding The company was founded on June 15, 1870 as Dominick & Dickerman by William Gayer Dominick and Watson Bradley Dickerman. Dominick was born in Chicago, and moved to New York as a child. In 1869, at the age of 25, he purchased membership on the New York Stock Exchange. At the NYSE, Dominick met Connecticut-born Dickerman and they went into business forming a stock brokerage firm. Dominick's brothers, George and Bayard Dominick, also joined the Exchange and became partners in the firm. Dominick & Dickerman opened its first branch in 1889 in Cincinnati, where the firm was one of only two exchange members. A year later, Dickerman left the firm when he was elected president of the New York Stock Exchange. He would serve as president from 1890 to 1892, then return to the firm. His cofounder, William Dominick, died in 1895 at the age of 50 to typhoid fever. Dickerman would retire in 1909, passing away at the age of 77 in 1923. Dominick & Dickerman changed its name in 1899 to Dominick & Dominick, adding several new partners including Milnor B. Dominick, Andrew V. Stout, J.A. Barnard, and Bernon S. Prentice. The firm was one of the original sources for closed-end funds, launching The Dominick fund, Inc in 1920 by selling 200,000 shares for a raise of $10 million. Despite the stock market crash in 1929, the fund survived and was listed in 1959 on the NYSE before it was merged with Putnam Fund in 1973. Expansion In 1936 Dominick & Dominick expanded through acquisition, merging with A. Iselin & Co., also one of Wall Street's oldest firms. Several months earlier the patriarch of the firm, Adrian Iselin, died at the age of 89. He had joined the firm, which his father formed, as a 22-year-old in 1868. At the time of the merger, Dominick & Dominick had 13 partners, including Gayer G. Dominick (senior partner since 1926), Bayard Dominick, and Gardner Dominick Stout. It next picked up several partners from Iselin & Co., as well as Iselin Securities Corporation, which brought with it an office in Paris, and the Iselin Corporation of Canada with its office in Montreal. Because Dominick & Dominick already maintained a London office, the London office of Iselin Securities was closed. Other European offices were subsequently opened, and Dominick & Dominick soon had a presence in all of the major cities in Europe. World War II A large number of the firm's employees and partners entered the military, including Gayer Dominick. The firm was content to just keep its doors opened and operate. Gayer Dominick had been with the firm since 1909 after graduating from Yale University. In 1935 he was elected a governor of the New York Stock Exchange and helped to hire the first paid president of the Exchange, at the behest of the new Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). He then left the family firm in 1938 to enter public service, working for the Office of Price Administration in the Roosevelt administration. Post-War expansion After World War II came to an end and following a brief economic recession as the United States reverted to a peacetime footing, the economy enjoyed a long period of growth. Dominick & Dominick benefited from the country's prosperity. Some of the firm's most notable transactions during the postwar years involved Yonkers, New York-based Alexander Smith Carpet Company and Canada's Great Plains Oil. In the late 1950s Dominick & Dominick was also part of a banking syndicate that managed the initial public offering (IPO) of stock issued by Arvida Corporation, which was formed in Florida in 1958 to sell the real estate holdings of Arthur Vining Davis. The IPO gained attention because of objections raised by the SEC to the way the managers had announced the stock sale before filing a registration statement with the SEC, a violation of the law. Dominick & Dominick ended registration as a partnership, reorganizing as a corporation in 1964. The 1960s also saw the firm spread its operation across the country, taking advantage of a bull market to build up a domestic retail brokerage business. In 1962 an office in Chicago was opened. Dominick & Dominick gained a major presence in New England in 1966 by acquiring the firm of Townsend, Dabney, Tyson. Not only did the firm pick up a large Boston office but another 15 offices throughout the Northeast. About 30 additional branch offices across the United States were opened by the end of the 1960s. In 1970 Dominick & Dominick pursued a merger with Clark, Dodge & Co., Inc., a similar size firm, but called it off, electing instead to continue a program of opening new offices and pursuing the acquisition of smaller firms. This plan was also eventually terminated, however, as the stock market began to experience one of the worst bear markets in a generation, and Dominick & Dominick found that it had stretched itself far too thin. Dark period Strapped for cash the firm sold four of its five seats on the New York Stock Exchange and one of two seats on the American Stock Exchange. It also sold a significant stake in the business for $7.25 million to an investment group led by Pierce National Life Insurance Company (now Liberty Corporation), which was in turn controlled by Joe L. Allbritton, founder of Allbritton Communications Company. While the infusion of capital was welcome, Dominick & Dominick still found itself in a difficult position and decided to exit the domestic retail brokerage business and to sell the bulk of its branch offices. The firm's chairman and chief executive, Peter M. Kennedy, explained to the New York Times that "a national retail structure is not right for a firm of our size. We either had to be bigger or smaller." He added, "We are not going out of business. We are just changing the nature of our business." Dominick & Dominick retained a modest retail business but mostly chose to focus on core strengths, including institutional business, money management, corporate finance, municipal bonds, and its international business. It was also in 1973 The Dominick fund, which had about $55 million in assets, was taken over by Putnam Fund. Over the next 20 years, Dominick & Dominick reduced its work force and closed offices in an attempt to focus on more profitable financial services such as research. The firm also became involved in the fixed income area, making corporate and municipal bonds, Eurobonds, and Treasury Notes available to its clients, and launched managed futures programs to participate in the global currency markets. The firm also did a healthy business providing clearing services to more than 100 National Association of Securities Dealers firms; its Dominick & Dominick Advisors unit provided investment and portfolio management services to high-net-worth investors and institutions in the United States, Europe, and Asia. 21st century By the start of the new century, Dominick & Dominick was in decline and needed an infusion of partner capital. In October 2003 the firm brought in a new president and CEO, hiring 58-year-old Michael J. Campbell, a former Marine who had 30 years of experience in the industry, including a 25-year tenure with Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette (DLJ) and a stint with Credit Suisse First Boston after Credit Suisse acquired DLJ. With DLJ Campbell managed the private client group, expanding the firm's high-net-worth and midsized institutional investor brokerage business from 75 advisors to a network of more than 500 investment professionals. Campbell joined Dominick & Dominick in 2003, bringing senior management from DLJ and Credit Suisse First Boston. The new management relocated the firm headquarters from lower Manhattan to Midtown Manhattan to an office on 52nd St. In addition, Campbell wasted little time in recruiting new advisors from Credit Suisse and other major financial firms. Dominick & Dominick's first branch office to open under Campbell's management was in the fall of 2004 when an operation in Miami was opened to focus on wealthy Central and South American residents. It was not an acquisition, as Dominick was absorbing the Miami office of Pennsylvania-based First Security Investments, which had been opened by another former DLJ employee, Alain O'Hayon, who stayed on to manage the office. Campbell was very familiar with the potential of a Miami operation, having built up an office in the city for DLJ from just two brokers to more than 70. In 2006 another regional office was added in Atlanta. A year later, in 2007, Dominick & Dominick launched a new risk arbitrage group with the hope to develop synergies with the firm's existing institutional and high-net-worth client base. Stanford Financial Group receivership On November 13, 2009, the US District Court ordered the Brokerage Accounts of Stanford Financial Group Brokerage to be transferred to Dominick & Dominick LLC. The Stanford Group was the firm run by Allen Stanford. Both Stanford Group Company and Dominick & Dominick LLC use Pershing LLC as their clearing firm. The transfer became effective on January 20, 2010. References Notes Bibliography Allan, John H. "Two Wall Street Firms Undergo Changes." The New York Times 22 Feb. 1973: n. pag. Print. New York Times. "Anniversay Celebrated: Dominick & Dominick, Brokers, Oberve Fiftieth Year in Business." The New York Times 15 June 1920: n. pag. Print Staff. "Dominick Branches Sold to Other Firms." The New York Times 8 Aug. 1973: n. pag. Print. Staff. "Iselin Firm to End, Joining Dominicks." The New YOrk Times 17 June 1973: n. pag. Print. Vartan, Vartanig G. "Dominick to Quit Retail Brokerage." The New York Times 31 July 1973: n. pag. Print Dominick & Dominick LLC Homepage. "About US." Dominick & Dominick LLC. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2011. <http://www.dominickanddominick.com/>. External links Category:Financial services companies established in 1870 Category:Investment companies based in New York City Category:Companies based in New York City Category:Financial services companies based in New York City Category:Brokerage firms Category:1870 establishments in New York (state)"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Newbould Newbould is a surname. Notable people with the name include: Alfred Ernest Newbould (1873–1952), British cinematographer and politician Brian Newbould (born 1936), British composer, conductor and author Frank Newbould (1887–1951), English poster artist Harry Newbould (1861–1928), English football manager Julieanne Newbould (born 1957), Australian actress Thomas Newbould (1880–1964), English rugby player See also Newbold (name) Newbolt"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Jordan Morris Jordan Perry Morris (born October 26, 1994) is an American soccer player who plays as a forward for Seattle Sounders FC in Major League Soccer, and the United States national team. Club career Youth, college and amateur Morris, from Mercer Island, Washington, began his youth career with Eastside FC, where he played from 2004 to 2012, from U11 to U17, with the Eastside FC B94 Red team, coached by Dan Strom, and helped the team to six of its seven Washington State titles as well as two third-place finishes at the US Youth Soccer National Championships in 2011 and 2012: he was named to the Best XI in 2011, and was the Golden Ball winner in 2012. Morris was also named NSCAA Washington State Player of the Year and NSCAA High School All-American in 2012. He joined the Sounders FC youth academy and played in the U.S. Soccer Development Academy for one season. On February 6, 2012, Morris signed a letter of intent to play college soccer at Stanford University. In his freshman year with the Cardinal, Morris appeared in all 21 matches and led all Pac-12 freshman with seven assists and 19 points and tied for the lead with six goals and helped lead his team to their first NCAA Tournament since 2009 where they would eventually fall 1–0 to #2 seed Washington in the Round of 16. He went on to be named first team All-Pac-12 that year. Morris also spent time with Seattle Sounders FC U-23 in the Premier Development League. In his sophomore year, Morris helped lead Stanford to its first Pac-12 championship since 2001. In his junior year, Morris scored 13 goals and had 3 assists. He led the Cardinal to both the Pac-12 and the NCAA Championships. In the NCAA tournament, Morris scored 5 of Stanford's total of 12 goals. In the championship game against Clemson, Morris scored his first of two goals in the game only 87 seconds into the contest. On January 8, 2016, Morris was awarded the Hermann Trophy as the best player in NCAA Division I soccer. Seattle Sounders After winning the NCAA Division I Men's Soccer Championship, there was speculation that Morris would begin to play professionally. Coach Jürgen Klinsmann stated that Morris "obviously has to" turn pro. On January 5, 2016, Morris announced he decided to forgo his senior season at Stanford to turn pro. It was widely speculated that Morris would sign with the Sounders, the club for which his father works, and also holds his amateur rights. On January 21, 2016, Morris signed with Seattle Sounders FC, being given MLS's highest-ever Homegrown Player contract worth roughly $250,000 a year. He joined the Sounders' preseason training camp in Arizona, debuting in a friendly against Celaya F.C. on February 9, 2016. On February 23, 2016, Morris made his professional debut against Club América in the CONCACAF Champions League, starting the match. The following week, he debuted in the Sounders' first Major League Soccer game of the season against Sporting Kansas City. Morris scored his first Major League Soccer goal for the Sounders on April 16, 2016, against the Philadelphia Union. He then went on to score in his next three consecutive games, matching the Seattle rookie scoring record, his next goal then surpassed the rookie goalscoring record which had been set by Steve Zakuani in 2009. He has since helped his team to win the MLS Cup after a run from ninth place into fourth, along with the help of Nicolas Lodeiro, a new midseason acquisition made by Seattle. On February 22, 2018 while playing in El Salvador against Santa Tecla in the Sounders' first match of the 2018 CONCACAF Champions League, Morris collapsed untouched in the 85th minute with a torn ACL. He was reported to likely miss 6–9 months. After missing the entirety of the 2018 MLS season, Morris was signed to a five-year contract extension with the Sounders in December 2018. Werder Bremen trial On January 5, 2016, it was reported that Morris was set to train with Werder Bremen at their winter camp, which Bremen chief executive Thomas Eichin claimed was "an opportunity for us to get to know the player better. Nothing more and nothing less". On January 13, 2016, it was reported that Bremen extended the trial of Morris who then played in a friendly match against Inter Baku PIK and recorded an assist. On January 18, 2016, it was reported that Bremen had offered a contract to Morris, and Eichin claimed he was confident that they would sign him. However, it was later reported by Werder Bremen that Morris had turned down their offer in favor of playing in the United States. International career In May 2013, Morris was one of 22 players named to the U.S. under-20 squad for the Toulon Tournament where he made three appearances. He also made appearances for the U.S. under-23 national team on August 6, 2014 and scored in a 5–1 win over Barbados. On August 28, 2014, Morris received his first senior call up to the U.S. men's national team for a friendly against the Czech Republic, making him the first college player to be called into squad since Chris Albright was called up in 1999 while he was still playing at the University of Virginia. While he was left on the bench, he would make his international debut in a 4–1 defeat to Ireland in November. On April 15, 2015, he scored his first U.S. men's national team goal against Mexico in an international friendly. In the 2017 CONCACAF Gold Cup Final, Morris scored the winning goal for the United States, assuring a victory over Jamaica and becoming joint top scorer of the tournament with three goals. International goals As of matches played November 19, 2019. Scores and results list the United States's goal tally first. Personal life Morris was born in Seattle, Washington, to Michael and Leslie Morris. His father, Dr. Michael Morris, is the chief medical director of Seattle Sounders FC. He has three siblings named Christopher, Julian and Talia. He attended Mercer Island High School, where he played high school soccer prior to joining the Sounders Academy. Morris was diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes at the age of nine and is one of the few professional athletes with the condition to play. He said that having diabetes has helped shape him. His tattoo "T1D" on his inner arm is a tribute to the armband people with diabetes have to wear. Career statistics International Honors Stanford Cardinal NCAA Division I Men's Soccer Championship: 2015 Pac-12 Conference: 2015 Seattle Sounders MLS Cup: 2016, 2019 Western Conference: 2016, 2017, 2019 United States CONCACAF Gold Cup: 2017 Individual NSCAA High School All-American: 2012 First team All-Pac-12: 2013, 2014, 2015 Pac-12 Player of the Year: 2015 Hermann Trophy: 2015 MLS Rookie of the Year: 2016 CONCACAF Gold Cup Best XI: 2017 MLS Comeback Player of the Year: 2019 References External links Stanford University bio Category:1994 births Category:Living people Category:American soccer players Category:Stanford Cardinal men's soccer players Category:Seattle Sounders FC U-23 players Category:Seattle Sounders FC players Category:Association football forwards Category:Soccer players from Washington (state) Category:USL League Two players Category:Major League Soccer players Category:People with type 1 diabetes Category:Hermann Trophy men's winners Category:NCAA Division I Men's Soccer Tournament Most Outstanding Player winners Category:United States men's under-20 international soccer players Category:United States men's under-23 international soccer players Category:United States men's international soccer players Category:2017 CONCACAF Gold Cup players Category:Sportspeople from Seattle Category:People from Mercer Island, Washington Category:CONCACAF Gold Cup-winning players Category:All-American men's college soccer players Category:2019 CONCACAF Gold Cup players"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Xsan Xsan () is Apple Inc.'s storage area network (SAN) or clustered file system for macOS. Xsan enables multiple Mac desktop and Xserve systems to access shared block storage over a Fibre Channel network. With the Xsan file system installed, these computers can read and write to the same storage volume at the same time. Xsan is a complete SAN solution that includes the metadata controller software, the file system client software, and integrated setup, management and monitoring tools. Xsan has all the normal features to be expected in an enterprise shared disk file system, including support for large files and file systems, multiple mounted file systems, metadata controller failover for fault tolerance, and support for multiple operating systems. Interoperability Xsan is based on the StorNext File System made by Quantum Corporation. The StorNext File System and the Xsan file system share the same file system layout and the same protocol when talking to the metadata server. They also seem to share a common code base or very close development based on the new features developed for both file systems. The Xsan website claims complete interoperability with the StorNext File System: "And because Xsan is completely interoperable with Quantum’s StorNext File System, you can even provide clients on Windows, Linux, and other UNIX platforms with direct Fibre Channel block-level access to the data in your Xsan-managed storage pool." Quantum Corporation claims: "Complete interoperability with Apple’s Xsan and Promise RAID and Allows Xsan and Xserve RAID to support AIX, HP-UX, IRIX, Red Hat Linux, SuSE Linux, Mac OS X, Solaris, and Windows clients, including support for 64 Bit Windows and Windows Vista." Some of the command line tools for Xsan begin with the letters cv, which stand for CentraVision – the original name for the file system. XSan clients use TCP ports 49152–65535, with TCP/63146 frequently showing in log files. Data representation Xsan file system uses several logical storages to distribute information. The two main classes of information appear on Xsan: the user data (such as files) and the file system metadata (such as folders, file names, file allocation information and so on). Most configurations use different storages for data and metadata. The file system supports dynamic expansion and distribution of both data and metadata areas. History On January 4, 2005, Apple announced shipping of Xsan. In May 2006, Apple released Xsan 1.2 with support for volume sizes of nearly 2 petabytes. On August 7, 2006, Apple announced Xsan 1.4, which is available for Intel-based Macintosh computers as a Universal binary and supports file system access control lists. On December 5, 2006, Apple released Xsan 1.4.1. On October 18, 2007, Apple released Xsan 1.4.2, which resolves several reliability and compatibility issues. On February 19, 2008, Apple released Xsan 2, the first major update, which introduces MultiSAN, and completely redesigned administration tools. 2.1 was introduced on June 10, 2008. 2.1.1 was introduced on October 15, 2008. 2.2 was released September 14, 2009. On July 20, 2011, Apple released Xsan 2.3, included in Mac OS X Lion. This was the first version of Xsan included with macOS. On August 25, 2011, Apple released Xsan 2.2.2, which brought along several reliability fixes. On July 25, 2012, Apple released Xsan 3, included in OS X Mountain Lion. On October 17, 2014, Apple released Xsan 4 with OS X Yosemite. On September 20, 2016, Apple released Xsan 5 with macOS Sierra and macOS Server 5.2. References Krypted.com Xsan Tutorials and Documentation External links Apple's Xsan page Category:Shared disk file systems Category:Apple Inc. file systems Category:Apple Inc. software"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Richtweg (Hamburg U-Bahn station) Richtweg is a public transport station for the rapid transit trains of Hamburg's underground railway line U1, located in Norderstedt, Germany. It was opened 1953 as a stop of the Alster Northern Railway (ANB) from Ulzburg Süd to Ochsenzoll with an island platform. Between 1994 and 1996 this section of the ANB was rebuilt for the Hamburg U-Bahn system. Station layout The station is a side platform station with a passenger bridge crossing at the north and exits to both sides of it. See also Hamburger Verkehrsverbund Public transport association in Hamburg Hamburger Hochbahn Operator of the Hamburg U-Bahn References External links Network plan HVV (pdf) 560 KiB Norderstedt Richtweg Norderstedt Richtweg Norderstedt Richtweg Norderstedt Richtweg"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Carlo Buscaglia Carlo Buscaglia (9 February 1909 – 15 August 1981) was an Italian footballer from Bastia di Balocco in the Province of Vercelli who played as a midfielder. Career Buscaglia played club football most notably for Napoli. He spent a decade at Napoli, also serving as the team's captain, and wrote himself into the appearance records books at the club; today he is sixth in the club's all-time appearance records for the league. After leaving Napoli in 1938, he spent two year spells at Juventus and Savona. References Category:1909 births Category:1981 deaths Category:Italian footballers Category:Serie A players Category:Casale F.B.C. players Category:Juventus F.C. players Category:S.S.C. Napoli players Category:Savona F.B.C. players Category:Sportspeople from Turin Category:Association football midfielders Category:People from the Province of Vercelli"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Stuck with You (Zones song) "Stuck With You" is the debut disc and 7" single of punk band Zones, released by Zoom Records on February 17, 1978. It contained its eponymous song, "Stuck With You", which was backed with "No Angels"; both songs were a combination of punk rock and power pop, although more punk than the group's subsequent singles and the album, which were more new wave-oriented. The single was played a lot by DJ John Peel, who shortly afterwards recorded and broadcast sessions with the band, and garnered the attention of Arista Records, who signed the group. The band comprised vocalist and guitarist Willie Gardner (previously in Hot Valves), and ex-PVC2 members, bassist Russell Webb, keyboardist Billy McIsaac and drummer Kenny Hyslop. Their next single, "Sign of the Times" was released shortly afterwards in Arista Records. Track list Side A: "Stuck With You" Side B: "No Angels" Personnel Willie Gardner: lead vocals, lead guitar. Russell Webb: bass guitar. Billy McIsaac: keyboards. Kenny Hyslop: drums. References Category:1978 singles Category:Zones (band) songs Category:Debut singles Category:1978 songs"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Derek Duncan Derek Henry Junior Duncan (born 23 April 1987) is an English footballer who plays as a winger or as a left back for VCD Athletic . Career Duncan was signed by Grays Athletic on a one-year contract on 25 May 2007, following his release by Leyton Orient. The left-winger left Grays Athletic by mutual consent, just a month after he signed, after his agent offered him to other Football League clubs. Duncan was signed by Paul Lambert in the summer of 2007 and joined Wycombe Wanderers, where he failed to make a league appearance before having his contract terminated by mutual consent in January 2009. On the same day it was announced that he had left Wycombe Wanderers, it was announced that the winger had signed for Ebbsfleet United until the end of the 2008–09 season. The following day Duncan made his debut for Ebbsfleet in their 1–0 home league win over Rushden & Diamonds. Duncan signed for AFC Wimbledon on 15 June 2009, but after one season at Kingsmeadow he signed for former club Ebbsfleet, on 6 July 2010. On 29 July 2011, it was announced he had signed for Conference South side Woking. At the start of 2012–13 season he signed for Conference South side Maidenhead United. Isthmian League side VCD Athletic recruited Duncan for the 2016-17 season. He featured throughout the first part of the season, before picking up a straight-red card sending off on 1 January 2017 versus local rivals Phoenix Sports. References External links Category:1987 births Category:Living people Category:English footballers Category:Association football wingers Category:Leyton Orient F.C. players Category:Lewes F.C. players Category:Grays Athletic F.C. players Category:Wycombe Wanderers F.C. players Category:Ebbsfleet United F.C. players Category:AFC Wimbledon players Category:Woking F.C. players Category:Maidenhead United F.C. players Category:Thamesmead Town F.C. players Category:English Football League players Category:National League (English football) players Category:Isthmian League players Category:Footballers from Upton Park, London"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Guy Fouché Guy Fouché (17 June 1921 – 28 May 1998) was a French operatic tenor. Life Born in Bordeaux, Fouché graduated from the Conservatoire de Bordeaux with the First Prize in Opera and opéra comique. He began his career at the Grand Théâtre de Bordeaux in 1942 in Bizet's Les Pêcheurs de perles. He also obtained a second prize at the Conservatoire de Paris in 1943. From 1945 to 1953, he performed in French opera houses, including those of Toulouse, Marseille, Lyon, Lille, Nantes, Rennes and Bordeaux. In 1953, he was in Oran. From 1954 to 1956, he was part of the troupe of the Opéra Royal de Wallonie in Liège before being, for six seasons, the first tenor at La Monnaie in Brussels. Back in Oran, he sang the title role of Faust. In 1961, he moved to Toulon where he ended his career two years later. Quotes Discography Complete Berlioz's La Damnation de Faust (Faust) with Ninon Vallin - Pléiade P3082 (33 rpm) with Régine Crespin, Michel Roux, Peter Van Der Bilt - BellaVoce BLV107.202 (CD) Donizetti's La Favorite (Fernand), with Simone Couderc, Charles Cambon, choir and Pasdeloup Orchestra, Jean Allain (dir.) - Pléiade P3071 / Vega 28000 - recorded in 1962 Massenet's Hérodiade (Jean), with Andréa Guiot, Mimi Aarden, Charles Cambon, Germain Guislain, Jos Burcksen, Corneluis Kalkman - Malibran CDRG 191 (CD). Meyerbeer's Les Huguenots (Raoul de Nangis), with Renée Doria, Jeanne Rinella, Henri Médus, Adrien Legros, Académie chorale de Paris, Pasdeloup Orchestra, Jean Allain (dir.) - Pléiade P3085/86 (33 rpm) - recorded in 1953 at the Théâtre de l'Apollo reissued CD Accord 204592 Verdi's Rigoletto (Duke of Mantoue), with Renée Doria, Ernest Blanc, Denise Scharley, Gérard Bourreli, Maria Valetti, Maurice Faure, André Dumas, Pierre Cruchon director - Pléiade P3076 (33 rpm) - French version Extracts Puccini's La Bohème, aria of Rodolphe Que cette main est froide (act I) - Pléiade P45152 (Extended play) - French version Verdi's Rigoletto, arias of the Duke of Mantoue Qu'une belle (act I) and Comme la plume au vent (act III) - Pléiade P45152 (45 rpm) - French version References External links Guy Fouché on Forgotten opera singer Les Huguenots, Acte II, Scène 1: Ô ciel, où suis-je ? Beauté divine et enchanteresse (YouTube) Category:1921 births Category:1998 deaths Category:People from Bordeaux Category:Conservatoire de Paris alumni Category:French operatic tenors Category:20th-century French singers Category:20th-century male singers"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Phullu Phullu is a 2017 Indian drama film directed by Abhishek Saxena. Produced by Pushpa Chaudhary, Dr. Anmol Kapoor, Kshitij Chaudhary & Raman Kapoor under the Kapoor Film Inc Kc Production Pvt.Ltd banner. The film was released worldwide on June 16, 2017. The film stars Sharib Hashmi, Jyotii Sethi, and Nutan Surya which is inspired from the life of Arunachalam Muruganantham, a social activist from Tamil Nadu. Phullu is about Phullu, an errand boy who eventually makes low-cost menstruation pads. Plot Phullu the titular character (portrayed by Sharib Hashmi) that's the typical good guy. Phullu's mother sells quilts because he doesn't have a job. He helps out his mom by procuring all the raw material for the quilts from the nearby town. In addition, he also picks up all the other stuff the women in his village may need from there. When Phullu gets married, he realises that his wife keeps taking away pieces of red cloth from the material he gathers for the quilts. He wonders about it, but doesn't connect the dots as he knows nothing about menstruation. Neither his wife or mother explain the concept to him. The women in his life also want Phullu to move to a big city and find work. But he's adamant about staying back in the village. Finally, a turning point in Phullu's life comes when he finds out about menstruation through a female doctor at a chemist's shop on one of his city visits. He finally begins to understand why his wife needs the cloth, and why she suffers from itching every night. He then takes rather drastic step of using all the money reserved for the last installment payment for his sister's jewellery to get a whole lot of sanitary pads. His furious mother kicks him out of the house, saying that he's wasted the money she earned with so much difficulty. When he tries to protest that the sanitary napkins are more important, his mother says her grandmother used wood to get rid of the itching and went on to live for 102 years, so pads are irrelevant. Phullu goes to the city, where he gets in touch with the doctor who'd educated him about menstruation. He manages to create a sanitary napkin of his own. However, his mother and sister refuse to test it, as do the other women in the village for whom he used to run errands in the city. His wife is pregnant at this time, so she can't help him out either but is in how supportive Phullu's wife is, of his endeavour to manufacture low-cost sanitary napkins. See also Pad Man Period. End of Sentence. References External links Category:Indian drama films Category:2017 films"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Dave Davis (bowler) Dave Davis (born April 28, 1942) is a former American professional ten-pin bowler and former member of the Professional Bowlers Association (PBA). He grew up in Sweet Valley, Pennsylvania, and now resides in Lake Placid, Florida. Beginning his PBA career in 1964, the left-hander won 18 PBA Tour titles, including four majors. He was inducted into the PBA Hall of Fame in 1978. Davis won multiple titles in a season four times, including six titles in the 1967 season alone. The 1967 season would see him win the PBA National Championship on his way to Player of the Year honors. He also won the PBA National Championship in 1965, plus two PBA Tournament of Champions titles (1968 and 1975). As a PBA Senior Tour bowler, Davis won back-to-back titles in the USBC Senior Masters (1995 and 1996). In addition, Davis served the PBA in various positions on the Executive Board and Tournament Committee. He was ranked #19 on the PBA's 2008 list of "50 Greatest Players of the Last 50 Years." For a brief period, Davis spent time in the TV broadcast booth, alongside play-by-play announcer Chris Schenkel. After the death of Schenkel's long-time broadcast partner, Billy Welu, in 1974, Davis and Dick Weber shared analyst duties on ABC-TV's Professional Bowlers Tour until Nelson Burton Jr. was hired as a full-time replacement in 1975. Davis also appeared regularly on the 1970s version of Celebrity Bowling as an analyst and cohost. References Category:1942 births Category:Living people Category:American ten-pin bowling players Category:Sportspeople from Hackensack, New Jersey Category:Bowling broadcasters"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Kralingse Zoom metro station Kralingse Zoom is a subway station on lines A, B, and C of the Rotterdam Metro, in the Kralingen neighbourhood of eastern Rotterdam. The station is located just west of the A16 motorway on the east side of Kralingse Zoom, the road it is named after. At Kralingse Zoom station, transfer is available to several bus lines, as well as to the ParkShuttle, a people mover to a nearby business district. Kralingse Zoom is an above-ground station and is located just to the east of the metro tunnel in which the trains cross the city center. The station has two centre platforms, each with two tracks running alongside them. For most of the day, only the inner two tracks are used. Kralingse Zoom is the metro stop to get to the Erasmus University and to the University of Applied Sciences (Economic Studies). References External links www.eur.nl www.hr.nl Category:Rotterdam Metro"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Javier Hernández Carrera Javier "Javi" Hernández Carrera (born 2 May 1998) is a Spanish footballer who plays for Real Madrid Castilla as either a central defender or a left back. Club career Born in Jerez de la Frontera, Cádiz, Andalusia, Hernández joined Real Madrid's youth setup in 2013, from Sevilla FC. On 17 July 2017, after finishing his formation, he was loaned to Segunda División B side CD El Ejido, for one year. Hernández made his senior debut on 27 August 2017, starting and scoring his team's first in a 3–3 home draw against FC Cartagena. He finished the campaign as an undisputed starter, contributing with two goals in 33 matches. On 13 July 2018, Hernández was loaned to Real Oviedo Vetusta also in the third division, until the end of the season. He made his first-team debut on 11 September, starting in a 0–1 away loss against RCD Mallorca for the season's Copa del Rey. Hernández scored his first professional goal on 7 January 2019, netting the opener in a 3–2 away win against CD Numancia for the Segunda División championship. References External links Real Madrid profile Category:1998 births Category:Living people Category:Sportspeople from Jerez de la Frontera Category:Spanish footballers Category:Andalusian footballers Category:Association football defenders Category:Segunda División players Category:Segunda División B players Category:Real Madrid Castilla footballers Category:Real Oviedo Vetusta players Category:Real Oviedo players"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Himashree Roy Himashree Roy is a female Indian Athlete who won a bronze medal in the 100 meters women's relay race along with Merlin K Joseph, Srabani Nanda and Dutee Chand in the 22nd Asian Athletics Championships which concluded on July 9, 2017. She was born in Kolkata, West Bengal on 15 March 1995. Career She won the silver medal in women's 4x100m relay race along with N. Shardha, Sonal Chawla and Priyanka in the National Open athletics championships 2018 where they represented the Indian Railways. Himashree Roy timed 11.60 seconds to set a record in women's 100 metres on 5 August 2018 in the 68th State Athletics Championships, at the Salt Lake Stadium while representing the Eastern Railway Sports Association (ERSA). She won the bronze medal in women's 100m final in 84th All India Railway Athletics Championship, 2017. Himashree Roy, MG Padmini, Srabani Nanda and Gayathri Govindaraj won the bronze medal for women's 4x100m relay race in the second leg of the 2015 Asian Grand Prix Games, held in Thailand. She also won the gold medal in the women's 4×100 metre relay with teammates Dutee Chand, Srabani Nanda and Merlin K Joseph while representing the Indian Railways in the 55th National Open Athletic Championship, 2015. References Category:1995 births Category:Sportswomen from West Bengal Category:Indian female sprinters Category:21st-century Indian women Category:Living people"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Buddha's Lost Children Buddha's Lost Children is a 2006 documentary film by Dutch director Mark Verkerk. The feature film tells the story of Khru Bah Neua Chai Kositto, a Buddhist monk who has dedicated his life to orphaned children in the Golden Triangle area of Thailand. The film opened in Dutch cinemas in September 2006. Awards The film won the International Documentary Grand Jury Prize (2006) at the Los Angeles AFI Fest , the Jury Award for Documentary (2007) at the Newport Beach Film Festival, the Best Global Insight Film (2007) at the Jackson Hole Film Festival , the David L. Wolper Best Documentary Award (2007) at the Napa Sonoma Valley Film Festival , the City of Rome Award (2006) at the Asiaticafilmmediale in Rome, the Crystal Film (2006) at the Netherlands Film Festival, and the Silver Dove (2006) at the Dok Leipzig . External links Category:2006 films Category:Dutch films Category:Thai-language films Category:Documentary films about Buddhism Category:Dutch documentary films Category:Documentary films about orphanages Category:2000s documentary films"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Kevin Mansker Kevin Mansker (born ) is an American male track cyclist. He competed in the sprint event at the 2012 UCI Track Cycling World Championships. References External links Profile at cyclingarchives.com Category:1989 births Category:Living people Category:American track cyclists Category:American male cyclists Category:Place of birth missing (living people)"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"List of spouses of Prime Ministers of Japan The is the wife or husband of the Prime Minister of Japan. Role and duties The role of the Prime Ministerial Consort is not an official office and as such they are not given a salary or official duties. Spouse of the Prime Ministers of the Empire of Japan (1885–1947) Spouse of the Prime Ministers during the Meiji period (1885–1912) Under the Meiji Emperor Spouse of the Prime Ministers during the Taishō period (1912–1926) Under the Taishō Emperor Spouse of the Prime Ministers during the Shōwa period (1926–1947) Under the Shōwa Emperor Spouse of the Prime Ministers of the State of Japan (1947–present) Spouse of the Prime Ministers during the Shōwa period (1947–1989) Under the Shōwa Emperor Spouse of the Prime Ministers during the Akihito period (1989–present) Under Emperor Akihito References * *Spouse Japan"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"GT300 The GT300 may refer to: A Super GT car category The GT300 family of graphics processors from Nvidia"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Whatever You Love, You Are Whatever You Love, You Are is the fifth studio album by Australian trio, Dirty Three, which was released in March 2000. Cover art is by their guitarist, Mick Turner. Australian musicologist, Ian McFarlane, felt that it showed "deep, rich, emotional musical vistas, and furthered the band’s connection to the music and approach of jazz great John Coltrane". Reception Track listing "Some Summers They Drop Like Flies" – 6:20 "I Really Should've Gone Out Last Night" – 6:55 "I Offered It Up to the Stars & the Night Sky" – 13:41 "Some Things I Just Don't Want to Know" – 6:07 "Stellar" – 7:29 "Lullabye for Christie" – 7:45 References General Note: Archived [on-line] copy has limited functionality. Specific Category:2000 albums Category:ARIA Award-winning albums Category:Dirty Three albums Category:Touch and Go Records albums"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"2020 Australian S5000 Championship The 2020 Australian S5000 Championship is planned to be the inaugural season of the Australian S5000 Championship, run after a series of exhibition races the previous year. The series will be sanctioned by Motorsport Australia and promoted by the Australian Racing Group as part of the 2020 Shannons Nationals Motor Racing Series. The season is currently scheduled for 6 rounds, beginning in March at the Albert Park Circuit and ending on 13 September at Sandown Raceway. Teams and drivers The following teams and drivers are under contract to compete in the 2020 championship: Race calendar The proposed 2020 calendar was released on 29 October 2019, with six confirmed rounds, plus one non-championship round. All rounds will be held in Australia. Final scheduling of race dates is yet to be determined. The date for the inaugural "Bathurst International" event was revealed on 15 January 2020. References S5000 Championship Australian S5000 Championship"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"KTLO-FM KTLO-FM 97.9 FM is a radio station licensed to Mountain Home, Arkansas. The station broadcasts an Adult Standards format and is owned by Mountain Lakes Broadcasting Corp. History On January 7, 1969, Mountain Home Broadcasting Corporation, the owner of KTLO (1240 AM), filed with the Federal Communications Commission to build a new FM radio station in Mountain Home. The construction permit was granted on July 1, 1970, and KTLO-FM began broadcasting at 98.3 MHz on January 11, 1971. $30,000 in new equipment was installed at the KTLO studios on Highway 5 to prepare for the launch of the stereo outlet. KTLO-FM broadcast from a hilltop tower located west of the studios and AM transmitter site. Early FM programming was in a block format, with contemporary and country music interspersed with news features. KTLO-AM-FM was sold in 1975 to four new investors for $400,000. By the mid-1980s, KTLO had settled into a middle-of-the-road music format known as "Stardust 98". The 1990s saw ownership and technical changes for KTLO-FM. The former began with a $775,000 sale of KTLO-AM-FM to Charles and Scottie Earls in late 1994. The Earls oversaw a major technical overhaul for the FM outlet: in 1996, it increased its power to 50,000 watts and relocated to 97.9 MHz from a transmitter on Crystal Mountain, with the programming remaining the same. The Earls divested their remaining shares in KTLO-AM-FM and KCTT-FM 101.7 to the Ward and Knight families in 2010 in a transaction that gave the Earls full control of KOMC-FM and KRZK in Branson, Missouri; the two families had previously been minority owners in Mountain Lakes. Among KTLO-FM's regular programs is Talk of the Town, an interview show. Talk of the Town had previously been hosted by Brenda Nelson, who retired after 34 years on air in 2009 after airing some 8,000 interviews. References External links KTLO-FM website TLO-FM Category:Adult standards radio stations in the United States Category:1971 establishments in Arkansas Category:Radio stations established in 1971"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Cummings Machine Works Cummings Machine Works was a Boston, Massachusetts based business. It was founded by Henry Havelock Cummings in 1881, when Cummings was 23 years old. The company was awarded a United States Defense Department contract to manufacture fixtures in March 1941. The contract amounted to $17,893. The company was among the firms which contributed to the building of the Boston Opera House, completed in 1909, supplying steelworks used in the construction of the stage. Cummings Machine Works has been credited with the development of the sally saw. A patent filed in 1945, and assigned to the company, describes a saw with a circular blade. The blade could be rotated between horizontal and vertical, thus allowing a tree to be felled, limbed, and bucked with one saw. Other inventions included a hydraulic hospital bed, automatic doughnut machine, teardrop vehicle and Hookups. Last owners were Robert M. Mustard, Sr., Pres., and Lewis W. Mustard, Treas. Last known address was 10 Melcher Street in Boston, MA. Went out of business in 1958. References Category:Manufacturing companies based in Boston Category:History of Boston Category:Defunct manufacturing companies of the United States Category:Defunct companies based in Massachusetts Category:Manufacturing companies established in 1881"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"1942 Iowa Pre-Flight Seahawks football team The 1942 Iowa Pre-Flight Seahawks football team represented the United States Navy pre-flight aviation training school at the University of Iowa as an independent during the 1942 college football season. The team compiled a 7–3 record and outscored opponents by a total of 211 to 121. The 1942 team was known for its difficult schedule, including Notre Dame, Michigan, Ohio State, Minnesota, Indiana, Nebraska, and Missouri. The team was ranked No. 2 among the service teams in a poll of 91 sports writers conducted by the Associated Press. The Navy's pre-flight aviation training school opened on April 15, 1942, with a 27-minute ceremony during which Iowa Governor George A. Wilson turned over certain facilities at the University of Iowa to be used for the training of naval aviators. At the time, Wilson said, "We are glad it is possible to place the facilities of this university and all the force and power of the state of Iowa in a service that is today most vital to safeguarding our liberties." The first group of 600 air cadets was schedule to arrive on May 28. Bernie Bierman, then holding the rank of major, was placed in charge of the physical conditioning program at the school. Bieman had been the head coach of Minnesota from 1932 to 1941 and served as the head coach of the Iowa Pre-Flight team in 1942. Larry Snyder, previously the track coach at Ohio State, was assigned as Bierman's assistant. Don Heap, Dallas Ward, Babe LeVoir, and Trevor Reese were assigned as assistant coaches for the football team. In June 1942, Bierman addressed the "misconception" that the Iowa pre-flight school was "merely a place for varsity athletics." He said: "Our purpose here is to turn out the toughest bunch of flyers the world has ever seen and not first class athletes." Two Seahawks were named to the 1942 All-Navy All-America football team: George Svendsen at center and Dick Fisher at left halfback. In addition, Bill Kolens (right tackle), Judd Ringer (right end), George Benson (quarterback), and Bill Schatzer (left halfback) were named to the 1942 All-Navy Preflight Cadet All-America team. Schedule Roster References Iowa Pre-Flight Category:Iowa Pre-Flight Seahawks football seasons Iowa Pre"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"1982–83 Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets men's basketball team The 1982-83 Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets men's basketball team represented the Georgia Institute of Technology. Led by head coach Bobby Cremins, the team finished the season with an overall record of 13-15 (4-10 ACC). Roster Schedule and results References Category:Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets men's basketball seasons Georgia Tech Category:1982 in sports in Georgia (U.S. state) Category:1983 in sports in Georgia (U.S. state)"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Carabus albrechti awashimae Carabus albrechti awashimae is a subspecies of ground beetle in the subfamily Carabinae that is endemic to Japan. References albrechti awashimae Category:Beetles described in 1996 Category:Endemic fauna of Japan"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Teresa Carlson Teresa Carlson is the current vice president for Amazon Web Services' worldwide public sector business. Prior to working for Amazon, Carlson served as Microsoft's Vice President of Federal Government business. Carlson was named Executive of the Year in 2016 for companies greater than $300 million by the Greater Washington GovCon Awards, which is administered by the Northern Virginia Chamber of Commerce. Education Carlson graduated from Western Kentucky University with a bachelor's degree in communications and a master's in speech and language pathology. References Category:Amazon.com people Category:Living people Category:Year of birth missing (living people)"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Ratno Dolne Ratno Dolne () is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Radków, within Kłodzko County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. It lies approximately east of Radków, north-west of Kłodzko, and south-west of the regional capital Wrocław. References Ratno Dolne"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Sai Shan Sai Shan () is a hill behind Mayfair Gardens on Tsing Yi Island, Hong Kong. The hill is east of and beneath the northern peak of Tsing Yi Peak. A village, Sai Shan Village is in the valley between Sai Shan and Tsing Yi Peak. A road, Sai Shan Road between Mayfair Gardens and Hong Kong Institute of Vocational Education (Tsing Yi) is named after the hill. Category:Tsing Yi Category:Mountains, peaks and hills of Hong Kong"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Frithy and Chadacre Woods Frithy and Chadacre Woods is a 28.7 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) in the parishes of Lawshall and Shimpling in Suffolk, England. Description Three ancient and semi-natural woods form the SSSI, namely Frithy Wood in Lawshall parish and Ashen Wood and Bavins Wood on the Chadacre Estate in Shimpling parish. All three woods are of the wet ash (Fraxinus excelsior) / maple (Acer campestre) type, with hazel (Corylus avellana) also present in considerable quantity. There are pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) trees and other tree and shrub species include aspen (Populus tremula), wild cherry (Prunus avium), midland hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata), hornbeam (Carpinus betulus), crab apple (Malus sylvestris), holly (Ilex aquifolium), spindle (Euonymus europaeus) and common dogwood (Cornus sanguinea). The structure of the woods has been greatly influenced by management of the coppice. The three woods have a diverse woodland floor vegetation, which is dominated by either dog's mercury (Mercurialis perennis) or brambles (Rubus spp.). They contain a number of plants characteristic of woodlands of this type including herb paris (Paris quadrifolia) in Ashen Wood and wood spurge (Euphorbia amygdaloides), woodruff (Galium odoratum), sanicle (Sanicula europaea) and stinking iris (Iris foetidissima) in Frithy Wood. The SSSI lies within the distribution of oxlip (Primula elatior) and all three woods contain this species. There are many other woodland floor plants including early purple orchid (Orchis mascula), twayblade (Neottia ovata), gromwell (Lithospermum officinale) and bluebell (Hyacinthoides non-scriptus). There are several well-vegetated rides in the group of woods that support a mixture of woodland and meadow plant species and which attract considerable numbers of common butterflies. Frithy Wood also contains an area of pasture which projects into the wood which is partly shaded by a number of standard trees. The birdlife of Frithy Wood has been recorded in detail with species including the nightingale, European green woodpecker, great spotted woodpecker and lesser spotted woodpecker which breed regularly. Roe deer, fallow deer and muntjac can also be seen in the woods but they have caused considerable damage to the ground vegetation. Forest school Forest school sessions are held in Frithy Wood by permission of the landowners. The 'school' represents an initiative of All Saints Primary School, Lawshall and the Green Light Trust, an environmental and educational charity. History Oliver Rackham has stated that "a wood now called The Frith is almost certain to be pre-conquest, from Old English Fyrhp." In a later book he stated that "an Anglo-Saxon (parallel) is fyrth, a wood, which has given rise to many Frith or Frithy Woods." There is documentary evidence for the existence of Frithy (formerly Frith) Wood back to 1545 and its Saxon name would imply that the wood is much older than that. All three woods are part of ancient woodland and contain broad boundary banks and ditches typical of coppice woods dating from the medieval period or before. In more recent times in the twentieth century pigs were kept in Frithy Wood and at one time the wood extended as far as The Street. Newspaper records On 31 August 1921 it was reported in the Suffolk Free Press that the remains of George Nunn aged 55 of Lawshall were discovered hanging in Frithy Wood. He had been missing for around 4 months since 22 April and was found a short distance from where he lived. Access The woods are not private with easy access. References Category:Forests and woodlands of Suffolk Category:Lawshall Category:Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Suffolk Category:Sites of Special Scientific Interest notified in 1987"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Hugh Lucas-Tooth Sir Hugh Vere Huntly Duff Munro-Lucas-Tooth, 1st Baronet (13 January 1903 – 18 November 1985), born and baptised Hugh Vere Huntly Duff Warrand and known as Sir Hugh Vere Huntly Duff Lucas-Tooth, 1st Baronet, from 1920 to 1965, was a Scottish British Conservative politician. Elected to parliament in 1924 at the age of 21, he was the first British MP to have been born in the 20th century. Family Warrand's father was Hugh Munro Warrand (8 July 1870 – 11 June 1935, married 24 April 1901), Major in the 3rd Battalion of the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders, and son of Alexander John Cruikshank Warrand of Bught, Inverness-shire. Warrand's mother Beatrice Maude Lucas Lucas-Tooth (died 25 June 1944) was a daughter of Sir Robert Lucas-Tooth, 1st Baronet. Warrand's great-grandfather was Robert Tooth, a prominent Australian businessman. His brother Selwyn John Power Warrand (6 February 1904 – 24 May 1941), who married 25 March 1933 to Frena Lingen Crace, daughter of Everard Crace, from Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, by whom he had two children. Selwyn John Power Warrand was a Commander in the service of the Royal Navy, fought in World War II and was killed in action on board of HMS Hood (51) and his widow remarried in 1947 Henry Richard Charles Humphries. His sister Beatrice Helen Fitzhardinge Warrand (born 1908), married on 27 September 1941 another World War II veteran, Lieutenant Colonel Lyndall Fownes Urwick, Military Cross, Officer of the Order of the British Empire, son of Sir Henry Urwick of Malvern, Worcestershire, Justice of the Peace. Biography Warrand was educated at Eton College, and graduated from Balliol College in 1924 with a Bachelor of Arts degree. He adopted the legally changed name Hugh Vere Huntly Duff Lucas-Tooth of Teanich by Royal Licence in 1920 when he gained the recreated baronetcy of his maternal grandfather, the first baronet, whose three sons had died in World War I, being created 1st Baronet Lucas-Tooth, of Bught, County Inverness, in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom on 1 December 1920, with special remainder to the heirs male of the body of his mother. Lucas-Tooth was first elected to the House of Commons in the 1924 general election as Conservative Member of Parliament for the Isle of Ely from October 1924 to May 1929. Aged 21, he became the youngest MP, known as "Baby of the House". He served as Parliamentary Private Secretary to Arthur Samuel, Secretary for Overseas Trade. Lucas-Tooth was called to the bar in 1933 at Lincoln's Inn entitled to practise as a barrister. He also became a lieutenant colonel in the service of the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. During the 1930s Lucas-Tooth helped established the Lucas-Tooth gymnasium at Tooley Street in south London for the benefit of unemployed men from the Northern coalfields and unemployed areas. A new style of physical exercises helped improve the fitness of these men. It was featured in a British Pathe newsreel in 1938 titled 'Fit – Fitter – Fittest'. He was defeated in the 1929 general election by the Liberal candidate, James A. de Rothschild. Lucas-Tooth stood again for parliament in the 1945 general election for Hendon South, and was elected, taking his seat in July 1945. He retained the seat in subsequent general elections until 1970 and was Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department between February 1952 and December 1955. On 3 February 1965 Lucas-Tooth legally changed his name once again by Deed Poll to Hugh Vere Huntly Duff Munro-Lucas-Tooth of Teaninich, to reflect the Scottish lairdship Munro of Teaninich. He retired from Parliament at the 1970 general election. Marriage and issue He married on 10 September 1925 Laetitia Florence Findlay (died 1978), daughter of Sir John Ritchie Findlay, 1st Baronet, of Aberlour; the couple had three children, Laetitia (born 1926), Jennifer (born 1929), and Hugh (born 1932). Hugh succeeded his father as Baronet. References External links Category:1903 births Category:1985 deaths Category:People educated at Eton College Category:Alumni of Balliol College, Oxford Category:Conservative Party (UK) MPs for English constituencies Category:Baronets in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom Category:UK MPs 1924–1929 Category:UK MPs 1945–1950 Category:UK MPs 1950–1951 Category:UK MPs 1951–1955 Category:UK MPs 1955–1959 Category:UK MPs 1959–1964 Category:UK MPs 1964–1966 Category:UK MPs 1966–1970"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Helderberg Escarpment The Helderberg Escarpment, also known as the Helderberg Mountains, is an escarpment and mountain range in eastern New York, United States, roughly west of the city of Albany. The escarpment rises steeply from the Hudson Valley below, with an elevation difference of approximately 700 feet (from 400 to 1,100 feet) over a horizontal distance of approximately 2,000 feet. Much of the escarpment is within John Boyd Thacher State Park, and has views of the Hudson Valley and the Albany area. Geology The escarpment is geologically related to three other escarpments, the Niagara Escarpment, the Black River Escarpment, and the Onondaga Escarpment. The rocks exposed in the escarpment date back to the Middle Ordovician to Early Devonian. In 1934 the Schenectady Gazette described how the Tory Cave, one of the limestone caves to be found in the escarpment, routinely had stalagmites of ice in the springtime. Transmission towers Most of the Capital District's television stations installed their transmission towers at the escarpment to take advantage of its high ground. In 2003 a tower was built on the highest point of the escarpment, for transmitting digital television signals. History Dutch settlers first homesteaded the plateau above the escarpment in the 17th century. Helderberg is a Dutch name meaning "clear mountain". The Open Space Institute and the Mohawk Hudson Land Conservancy are working to keep escarpment lands from being developed for housing or industrial uses. Farmers farming land near the escarpment can apply to sell their development rights, to help make sure that land is not developed. In 2003 the Ten Eyck family, owners of the Indian Ladder Farm just below the escarpment, sold the development rights to their farm for $848,000. Two real estate assessment were done, one on the value of the property as a working farm, the other on its value as a potential site for urban development. The Ten Eycks were paid the difference in return for agreeing to keep the property as a working farm. They were the first property owners to sell their development rights in Albany County. References Category:Landforms of New York (state) Category:Escarpments of the United States Category:Landforms of Albany County, New York Category:Mountains of Albany County, New York Category:Mountains of New York (state)"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Loagan Bunut National Park The Loagan Bunut National Park () is a national park located in Miri Division, Sarawak, Malaysia, on the Borneo island. The park was named after the Loagan Bunut lake nearby, which is connected to Sungai Bunut (sungai is Malay for river), Sungai Baram and Sungai Tinjar. This park occupies a space of and is well known for its rich biodiversity and unique aquatic ecosystem. The national park was gazetted on January 1, 1990 and it was opened to public on August 29, 1991. See also List of national parks of Malaysia References Category:National parks of Malaysia Category:Protected areas of Sarawak Category:Miri, Malaysia Category:1990 establishments in Malaysia"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Yves Niaré Yves Niaré (20 July 1977 – 5 December 2012) was a shot putter from France. Career Niaré was born in Saint-Maurice, Val-de-Marne. He father was Malian shot putter Namakoro Niaré. His main honor was the silver medal at the 2009 European Indoor Championships with a throw of 20.42 metres. He also finished eleventh at the 1996 World Junior Championships, and fourth at the 2009 Mediterranean Games. Niaré competed at the 2001 World Championships, the 2006 European Championships, the 2007 World Championships, the 2008 Olympic Games and the 2009 World Championships without reaching the final. His personal best throw in the shot put was 20.72 metres, a French national record, achieved in May 2008 in Versailles. He also had 63.44 metres in the discus throw, achieved in May 2007 in Chelles. He is the brother of French High Jumper Gaëlle Niaré. Death Niaré was killed on the morning of 5 December 2012 in an automobile accident. A statement regarding his death was issued by the French Athletics Federation. He was 35. Competition record References External links Category:1977 births Category:2012 deaths Category:Sportspeople from Val-de-Marne Category:French male shot putters Category:French male discus throwers Category:Athletes (track and field) at the 2008 Summer Olympics Category:Olympic athletes of France Category:Road incident deaths in France Category:French people of Malian descent"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Isla Damas Isla Damas, or Damas Island, is a small (6 km²) island in Costa Rica in the vicinity of Quepos. It is particularly noted for its estuaries lined with mangroves. Fauna on the island include white-faced monkeys, sloths, green iguanas, crocodiles, spectacled caimans, boas, crab-eating raccoons and silky anteaters, as well as crabs and numerous bird species, such as: heron, pelicans. Boat and kayak tours through the island's estuaries are popular excursions with tourists staying in Quepos, Manuel Antonio National Park, or Jacó. Gallery Damas"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Raigam Tele'es Best Teledrama Art Director Award The Raigam Tele'es Best Teledrama Art Director Award is a Raigam Tele'es awared presented annually in Sri Lanka by the Kingdom of Raigam companies for the best Sri Lankan art director of the year in television. The award was first given in 2005. Award list in each year References Category:Performing arts awards Category:Raigam Tele'es"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Philip Evans (headmaster) Dr Ian Philip Evans OBE FRSC (born 1948) is a British educationalist and a former Headmaster of Bedford School. Biography Born on 2 May 1948 and educated in North Wales at Ruabon Boys Grammar school, Dr Philip Evans read Natural Sciences at Churchill College, Cambridge and obtained a doctorate in inorganic chemistry from Imperial College London, working in the laboratory of Professor Sir Geoffrey Wilkinson. He taught chemistry at St Paul's School, London and, in 1991, he was appointed as Headmaster of Bedford School, a position which he held until the summer of 2008. He was also appointed as a government advisor on education, from which post he retired in 1999, and was subsequently awarded an OBE for his work. He is currently an appointed member of the council of the Royal Society of Chemistry. Publications I. P. Evans, A. Spencer, & G. Wilkinson "Dichlorotetrakis(dimethyl sulfoxide)ruthenium(II) and its use as a source material for new ruthenium(II) complexes" Jrnl. Chem. Soc. Dalton Trans. (1973) 204-209 References [[Category:Welsh schoolteachers] Category:Alumni of Churchill College, Cambridge Category:Living people Category:1948 births Category:Alumni of Imperial College London Category:Headmasters of Bedford School Category:Officers of the Order of the British Empire Category:Fellows of the Royal Society of Chemistry"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Jalalabad, Ardabil Jalalabad (, also Romanized as Jalālābād) is a village in Shal Rural District, Shahrud District, Khalkhal County, Ardabil Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 82, in 14 families. References Category:Towns and villages in Khalkhal County"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Roosevelt High School (Roosevelt, New York) Roosevelt High School is a four-year public high school located in Roosevelt as part of the Roosevelt School District, serving students in grades 9 through 12. It is located in the hamlet of Roosevelt in the Town of Hempstead, Nassau County, New York, U.S. After years of failing test scores, Roosevelt High School is the first high school in New York to be taken over by the state. As of the 2014-15 school year, the school had an enrollment of 964 students and 56.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 17.0:1. There were 247 students (25.6% of enrollment) eligible for free lunch and 46 (4.8% of students) eligible for reduced-cost lunch. Academics Roosevelt High School has a grading and promotion policy. In order for a student to be admitted to the ninth grade, a student must pass 3 of the 4 major subject areas each year: English Mathematics Science Social Studies The student can fail no more than the equivalent of 1 credit in minor subjects each year (i.e. Technology 1/2 credit, Home Career 1/2 credit, etc.) To be promoted from grade 9 to 10, a student must earn 4 units of credit. These units must include: 1 in English and 1 in Social Studies. To be promoted from grade 10 to grade 11, a student must have earned 9 units of credit. These units must include: 2 units in English, 2 units in Social Studies, 1 unit in Mathematics, 1 unit in Science. A student must receive a minimum grade of 70 in order to advance. Demographics The student body in the 2007-2008 school year consisted of: 2 American Indian or Alaska Native students or 0% of the student body 615 Black or African American students or 77% of the student body 181 Hispanic or Latino students or 23% of the student body 1 Asian or Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander students or 0% of the student body 0 White students or 0% of the student body 0 Multiracial students or 0% of the student body Notable alumni Notable Roosevelt Junior-Senior High School alumni include: Chuck D, political activist and member of the hip hop group Public Enemy. Eddie Murphy, comedian and actor. Julius Erving, otherwise known as "Dr. J", member of the Basketball Hall of Fame who played for the Philadelphia 76ers until his retirement. Howard Stern, radio personality. Gabriel Casseus, Actor (New Jersey Drive, Fallen, Their Eyes Were Watching God), Writer & Producer (Takers). Melvyn M. Sobel, James V. Petrungaro and David D. Weinberg, Members of the Long Island Rock & Roll Band known as The Ravens, popular from 1965-1969. References External links Great Schools Web site information on Roosevelt High School Category:Public high schools in New York (state) Category:Schools in Nassau County, New York Category:Educational institutions established in 1956"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Supermen (anthology) Supermen is an anthology of science fiction short stories edited by Isaac Asimov, Martin H. Greenberg and Charles G. Waugh as the third volume in their Isaac Asimov's Wonderful Worlds of Science Fiction series. It was first published in paperback by Signet/New American Library in October 1984. The first British edition was issued in paperback by Robinson in 1988. The book collects twelve novellas, novelettes and short stories by various science fiction authors, together with an introduction by Asimov. Contents "Introduction: Super" (Isaac Asimov) "Angel, Dark Angel" (Roger Zelazny) "Worlds to Kill" (Harlan Ellison) "In the Bone" (Gordon R. Dickson) "What Rough Beast?" (Damon Knight) "Death by Ecstasy" (Larry Niven) "Un-Man" (Poul Anderson) "Muse" (Dean R. Koontz) "Resurrection" (A. E. van Vogt) "Pseudopath" (Philip E. High) "After the Myths Went Home" (Robert Silverberg) "Before the Talent Dies" (Henry Slesar) "Brood World Barbarian" (Perry A. Chapdelaine) Notes Category:1984 short story collections Category:Science fiction anthologies Category:Martin H. Greenberg anthologies"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Liushan Liushan may refer to these places in China: Liushan Subdistrict (刘山街道), a subdistrict of Xinfu District, Fushun, Liaoning Towns Liushan, Guangxi (流山), in Liuzhou, Guangxi Liushan, Henan (留山), in Nanzhao County, Henan Liushan, Shandong (柳山), in Linqu County, Shandong See also Liu Shan (207–271), Shu Han emperor Liu Shan (Ming dynasty) (died 1427), Ming dynasty general"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Direct-shift gearbox A direct-shift gearbox (), commonly abbreviated to DSG, is an electronically controlled dual-clutch multiple-shaft gearbox in a transaxle design, with automatic clutch operation and with fully automatic or semi-manual gear selection. The first actual dual-clutch transmissions were derived from Porsche in-house development for their Model 962 racing cars in the 1980s. In simple terms, a DSG automates two separate "manual" gearboxes (and clutches) contained within one housing and working as one unit. It was designed by BorgWarner and is licensed to the Volkswagen Group, with support by IAV GmbH. By using two independent clutches, a DSG can achieve faster shift times and eliminates the torque converter of a conventional epicyclic automatic transmission. Overview Transverse DSG At the time of launch in 2003, it became the world's first automated dual-clutch transmission in a series-production car, in the German-market Volkswagen Golf Mk4 R32, and shortly afterwards worldwide, in the original Audi TT 3.2. and the 2004+ New Beetle TDI. For the first few years of production, this original DSG transmission was only available in transversely oriented front-engine, front-wheel-drive and Haldex Traction-based four-wheel-drive vehicle layouts. The first DSG transaxle that went into production for the Volkswagen Group mainstream marques had six forward speeds (and one reverse) and used wet/submerged multi-plate clutch packs (Volkswagen Group internal code: DQ250, parts code prefix: 02E). It has been paired to engines with up to of torque. The two-wheel-drive version weighs . It is manufactured at Volkswagen Group's Kassel plant, with a daily production output of 1,500 units. At the start of 2008, another world-first seven-speed DSG transaxle (Volkswagen Group internal code: DQ200, parts code prefix: 0AM) became available. It differs from the six-speed DSG, in that it uses two single-plate dry clutches (of similar diameter). This clutch pack was designed by LuK Clutch Systems, Gmbh. This seven-speed DSG is used in smaller front-wheel-drive cars with smaller-displacement engines with lower torque outputs, such as the latest Volkswagen Golf, Volkswagen Polo Mk5, and the new SEAT Ibiza. It has been paired to engines with up to . It has considerably less oil capacity than the six-speed DQ250; this new DQ200 uses just of transmission fluid. In September 2010, VW launched a new seven-speed DSG built to support up to , the DQ500. Audi longitudinal DSG In late 2008, an all-new seven-speed longitudinal S tronic version of the DSG transaxle went into series production (Volkswagen Group internal code: DL501, parts code prefix: 0B5). Initially, from early 2009, it is only used in certain Audi cars, and only with longitudinally mounted engines. Like the original six-speed DSG, it features a concentric dual wet multi-plate clutch. However, this particular variant uses notably more plates – the larger outer clutch (for the odd-numbered gears) uses 10 plates, whereas the smaller inner clutch (driving even-numbered gears and reverse) uses 12 plates. Another notable change over the original transverse DSGs is the lubrication system – Audi now utilise two totally separate oil circuits. One oil circuit, consisting of , lubricates the hydraulic clutches and mechatronics with fully synthetic specialist automatic transmission fluid (ATF), whilst the other oil circuit lubricates the gear trains and front and centre differentials with of conventional hypoid gear oil. This dual circuit lubrication is aimed at increasing overall reliability, due to eliminating cross-contamination of debris and wear particles. It has a torque handling limit of up to , and engine power outputs of up to . It has a total mass, including all lubricants and the dual-mass flywheel of . This was initially available in their quattro all-wheel-drive variants, and is very similar to the new ZF Friedrichshafen-supplied Porsche Doppel-Kupplung (PDK). List of DSG variants Operational introduction The internal combustion engine drives two clutch packs. The outer clutch pack drives gears 1, 3, 5 (and 7 when fitted), and reverse – the outer clutch pack has a larger diameter compared to the inner clutch, and can therefore handle greater torque loadings. The inner clutch pack drives gears 2, 4, and 6. Instead of a standard large dry single-plate clutch, each clutch pack for the six-speed DSG is a collection of four small wet interleaved clutch plates (similar to a motorcycle wet multi-plate clutch). Due to space constraints, the two clutch assemblies are concentric, and the shafts within the gearbox are hollow and also concentric. Because the alternate clutch pack's gear-sets can be pre-selected (predictive shifts enabled via the unloaded section of the gearbox), un-powered time while shifting is avoided because the transmission of torque is simply switched from one clutch-pack to the other. While the DSG has one of the fastest shift times on the market, the claim that the DSG takes only about 8 milliseconds to upshift is un-proven with 3-party data nor claimed by the manufacturer. DSG controls The direct-shift gearbox uses a floor-mounted transmission shift lever, very similar to that of a conventional automatic transmission. The lever is operated in a straight 'fore and aft' plane (without any 'dog-leg' offset movements), and uses an additional button to help prevent an inadvertent selection of an inappropriate shift lever position. P P position of the floor-mounted gear shift lever means that the transmission is set in park. Both clutch packs are fully disengaged, all gear-sets are disengaged, and a solid mechanical transmission lock is applied to the crown wheel of the DSG's internal differential. This position must only be used when the motor vehicle is stationary. Furthermore, this is the position which must be set on the shift lever before the vehicle ignition key can be removed. N N position of the floor-mounted shift lever means that the transmission is in neutral. Similar to P above, both clutch packs and all gear-sets are fully disengaged; however, the parking lock is also disengaged. D mode Whilst the motor vehicle is stationary and in neutral (N), the driver can select D for drive (after first pressing the foot brake pedal). The transmission's reverse gear is selected on the first shaft K1, and the outer clutch K2 engages at the start of the bite point. At the same time, on the alternate gear shaft, the reverse gear clutch K1 is also selected (pre-selected), as the gearbox doesn't know whether the driver wants to go forward or reverse. The clutch pack for second gear (K2) gets ready to engage. When the driver releases the brake pedal, the K2 clutch pack increases the clamping force, allowing the second gear to take up the drive through an increase of the bite point, and thereby transferring the torque from the engine through the transmission to the drive shafts and road wheels, causing the vehicle to move forward. Depressing the accelerator pedal engages the clutch and causes an increase of forward vehicle speed. Pressing the throttle pedal to the floor (hard acceleration) will cause the gearbox to "kick down" to first gear to provide the acceleration associated with first, although there will be a slight hesitation while the gearbox deselects second gear and selects first gear. As the vehicle accelerates, the transmission's computer determines when the second gear (which is connected to the second clutch) should be fully used. Depending on the vehicle speed and amount of engine power being requested by the driver (determined by the position of the throttle pedal), the DSG then up-shifts. During this sequence, the DSG disengages the first outer clutch whilst simultaneously engaging the second inner clutch (all power from the engine is now going through the second shaft), thus completing the shift sequence. This sequence in a fraction of a second (aided by pre-selection), and can happen even with full throttle opening, and as a result, there is minimal power loss. Once the vehicle has completed the shift to second gear, the first gear is immediately de-selected, and third gear (being on the same shaft as 1st and 5th) is pre-selected, and is pending. Once the time comes to shift into 3rd, the second clutch disengages and the first clutch re-engages. This method of operation continues in the same manner for the remaining forward gears. Downshifting is similar to up-shifting but in reverse order, and is slower, at 600 milliseconds, due to the engine's Electronic Control Unit, or ECU, needing to 'blip' the throttle so that the engine crankshaft speed can match the appropriate gear shaft speed. The car's computer senses the car slowing down, or more power required (during acceleration), and thus engages a lower gear on the shaft not in use, and then completes the downshift. The actual shift points are determined by the DSG's transmission ECU, which commands a hydro-mechanical unit. The transmission ECU, combined with the hydro-mechanical unit, are collectively called a mechatronics unit or module. Because the DSG's ECU uses fuzzy logic, the operation of the DSG is said to be adaptive; that is, the DSG will "learn" how the user drives the car, and will progressively tailor the shift points accordingly to suit the habits of the driver. In the vehicle instrument display, between the speedometer and tachometer, the available shift-lever positions are shown, the current position of the shift-lever is highlighted (emboldened), and the current gear ratio in use is also displayed as a number. Under "normal", progressive and linear acceleration and deceleration, the DSG shifts in a sequential manner; i.e., under acceleration: 1st → 2nd → 3rd → 4th → 5th → 6th, and the same sequence reversed for deceleration. However, the DSG can also skip the normal sequential method, by missing gears, and shift two or more gears. This is most apparent if the car is being driven at sedate speeds in one of the higher gears with a light throttle opening, and the accelerator pedal is then pressed down, engaging the kick-down function. During kick-down, the DSG will skip gears, shifting directly to the most appropriate gear depending on speed and throttle opening. This kick-down may be engaged by any increased accelerator pedal opening, and is completely independent of the additional resistance to be found when the pedal is pressed fully to the floor, which will activate a similar kick-down function when in Manual operation mode. The seven-speed unit in the 2007 Audi variants will not automatically shift to 6th gear; rather, it stays at 5th to keep power available at a high RPM while cruising. When the floor-mounted gear selector lever is in position D, the DSG works in fully automatic mode, with emphasis placed on gear shifts programmed to deliver maximum fuel economy. That means that shifts will change up and down very early in the rev-range. As an example, on the Volkswagen Golf Mk5 GTI, sixth gear will be engaged around , when initially using the DSG transmission with the default ECU adaptation; although with an "aggressive" or "sporty" driving style, the adaptive shift pattern will increase the vehicle speed at which sixth gear engages. S mode The floor selector lever also has an S position. When S is selected, sport mode is activated in the DSG. Sport mode still functions as a fully automatic mode, identical in operation to D mode, but upshifts and downshifts are made much higher up the engine rev-range. This aids a more sporty driving manner, by utilising considerably more of the available engine power, and also maximising engine braking. However, this mode does have a detrimental effect on the vehicle fuel consumption, when compared to D mode. This mode may not be ideal to use when wanting to drive in a sedate manner; nor when road conditions are very slippery, due to ice, snow or torrential rain – because loss of tire traction may be experienced (wheel spin during acceleration, and may also result in road wheel locking during downshifts at high engine rpms under closed throttle). On 4motion or quattro-equipped vehicles this may be partially offset by the drivetrain maintaining full-time engagement of the rear differential in S mode, so power distribution under loss of front-wheel traction may be marginally improved. S is highlighted in the instrument display, and like D mode, the currently used gear ratio is also displayed as a number. R R position of the floor-mounted shift lever means that the transmission is in reverse. This functions in a similar way to D, but there is just one reverse gear. When selected, R is highlighted in the instrument display. Manual mode Additionally, the floor shift lever also has another plane of operation, for manual mode, with spring-loaded + and − positions. This plane is selected by moving the stick away from the driver (in vehicles with the driver's seat on the right, the lever is pushed to the left, and in left-hand drive cars, the stick is pushed to the right) when in D mode only. When this plane is selected, the DSG can now be controlled like a manual gearbox, albeit only under a sequential shift pattern. In most (VW) applications, the readout in the instrument display changes to 6 5 4 3 2 1, and just like the automatic modes, the currently used gear ratio is highlighted or emboldened. In other versions (e.g., on the Audi TT) the display shows just M followed by the gear currently selected; e.g., M1, M2, etc. To change up a gear, the lever is pushed forward (against a spring pressure) towards the +, and to change down, the lever is pulled rearward towards the −. The DSG transmission can now be operated with the gear changes being (primarily) determined by the driver. This method of operation is commonly called tiptronic. In the interests of engine preservation, when accelerating in Manual/tiptronic mode, the DSG will still automatically change up just before the redline, and when decelerating, it will change down automatically at very low revs, just before the engine idle speed (tickover). Furthermore, if the driver calls for a gear when it is not appropriate (e.g., requesting a downshift when engine speed is near the redline) the DSG will not change to the driver's requested gear. Current variants of the DSG will still downshift to the lowest possible gear ratio when the kick-down button is activated during full throttle whilst in manual mode. In Manual mode this kick-down is only activated by an additional button at the bottom of the accelerator pedal travel; unless this is pressed the DSG will not downshift, and will simply perform a full-throttle acceleration in whatever gear was previously being utilised. Paddle shifters Initially available on certain high-powered cars, and those with a "sporty" trim level – such as those using the 2.0 T FSI and 3.2/3.6 VR6 engines – steering wheel-mounted paddle shifters were available. However, these are now being offered (either as a standard inclusive fitment, or as a factory optional extra) on virtually all DSG-equipped cars, throughout all model ranges, including lesser power output applications, such as the 105 PS Volkswagen Golf Plus. These operate in an identical manner as the floor mounted shift lever when it is placed across the gate in manual mode. The paddle shifters have two distinct advantages: the driver can safely keep both hands on the steering wheel when using the Manual/tiptronic mode; and the driver can temporarily manually override either of the automatic programmes (D or S), and gain instant manual control of the DSG transmission (within the above described constraints). If the paddle-shift activated manual override of one of the automatic modes (D or S) is used intermittently the DSG transmission will default back to the previously selected automatic mode after a predetermined duration of inactivity of the paddles, or when the vehicle becomes stationary. Alternatively, should the driver wish to immediately revert to fully automatic control, this can be done by activating and holding the + paddle for at least two seconds. Advantages and disadvantages Advantages Better fuel economy (up to 15% improvement) than conventional planetary geared automatic transmission (due to lower parasitic losses from oil churning) and for some models with manual transmissions; No loss of torque through the transmission from the engine to the driving wheels during gear shifts; Short up-shift time of 8 milliseconds when shifting to a gear the alternate gear shaft has preselected; Smooth gear-shift operations; Consistent down-shift time of 600 milliseconds, regardless of throttle or operational mode; Disadvantages Unreliable: By design, it is not possible to make it as reliable as a conventional torque-converter automatic transmission. The slipping clutch mechanism has a limited lifespan; Marginally worse overall mechanical efficiency compared to a conventional manual transmission, especially on wet-clutch variants (due to electronics and hydraulic systems); Expensive specialist transmission fluids/lubricants with dedicated additives are required, which need regular changes; Relatively expensive to manufacture, and therefore increases new vehicle purchase price; Relatively lengthy shift time when shifting to a gear ratio which the transmission control unit did not anticipate (around 1100 ms, depending on the situation); Torque handling capability constraints perceive a limit on after-market engine tuning modifications (though many tuners and users may exceed the official torque limits notwithstanding); (Later variants have been fitted to more powerful cars, such as the 300 bhp/350 Nm VW R36 and the 272 bhp/350 Nm Audi TTS.) Heavier than a comparable Getrag conventional manual transmission ( vs. ); While the first generation DSG fuel economy was up to 15% worse than a manual, the second generation DSG (current) gets better fuel economy than the manual transmission. Applications Volkswagen Group vehicles with the DSG gearbox include: Audi After originally using the DSG moniker, Audi subsequently renamed their direct-shift gearbox to S tronic. Audi TT Audi A1 Audi A3 Audi S3 Audi A4 (B8) Audi A4 (B9) Audi S4 (B8) Audi S5 (B8) Audi A5 Audi A6 Audi A7 Audi A8 (D4) Audi Q2 Audi Q3 Audi Q5 Audi R8 facelift Bugatti Bugatti Veyron EB 16.4 (developed by Ricardo rather than Borg Warner) Škoda Škoda Fabia Škoda Kodiaq Škoda Karoq Škoda Octavia Škoda Rapid (2012) Škoda Roomster Škoda Superb II Škoda Yeti Škoda Scala Volkswagen Passenger Cars Volkswagen Ameo Volkswagen Vento Volkswagen Polo Volkswagen Golf, GTI, GTD, GTE, TDI, R32, R Volkswagen Jetta GLI, TDI, TSI(Brazil) Volkswagen Eos Volkswagen Touran Volkswagen New Beetle Volkswagen New Beetle Convertible Volkswagen Passat and R36 Volkswagen CC Volkswagen Sharan Volkswagen Scirocco Volkswagen Tiguan 2011 Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles Volkswagen Caddy car-derived van Volkswagen Transporter (T5) medium van Problems and recalls of DSG-equipped vehicles The 7-speed DQ200 and 6-speed DQ250 gearboxes sometimes suffer from power-loss (gear disengaging) due to short-circuiting of wires caused by a build-up of sulphur in the transmission oil. United States of America In August 2009, Volkswagen of America issued two recalls of DSG-equipped vehicles. The first involved 13,500 vehicles, and was to address unplanned shifts to the neutral gear, while the second involved similar problems (by then attributed to faulty temperature sensors) and applied to 53,300 vehicles. These recalls arose as a result of investigations carried out by the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), where owners reported to the NHTSA a loss of power whilst driving. This investigation preliminary found only 2008 and 2009 model year vehicles as being affected. Australia In November 2009, Volkswagen recalled certain Golf, Jetta, EOS, Passat & Caddy models equipped with 6-speed DQ250 DSG transmission because the gearbox may read the clutch temperature incorrectly, which leads to clutch protection mode, causing a loss of power. China Since 2009 there have been widespread concerns from Chinese consumers particularly among the online community, who expressed that Volkswagen has failed to respond to complaints about defects in its DSG-equipped vehicles. Typical issues associated with 6-speed DSG include abnormal noise and inability to change gear; while issues associated with 7-speed DSG include abnormal noise, excessive shift shock, abnormal increase in engine RPM, flashing gear indicator on the dashboard as well as inability to shift to even-numbered gears. In March 2012 China's quality watchdog the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) said that it had been in contact with Volkswagen (China) and urged the carmaker to probe the issues. In a survey held by Gasgoo.com (China) of 2,937 industry experts and insiders, 83% of respondents believed that the carmaker should consider a full vehicle recall. In March 2012 Volkswagen Group China admitted that there could be an issue in its seven-speed DSG gearboxes that may affect approximately 500,000 vehicles from its various subsidiaries in China. A software upgrade has since been offered for the affected vehicles in an attempt to repair the problem. According to 163.com - one of China's most popular web portals - in March 2012 about a quarter of the complaints about problems found in cars in China's automotive market were made against DSG-equipped vehicles manufactured by Volkswagen. The top five models that dominate those complaints were: Volkswagen Magotan - 6% Volkswagen Bora - 5.3% Volkswagen Sagitar - 5.3% Volkswagen Touareg - 4.7% Volkswagen Golf - 4% Would be worth noting that Touareg has never been fitted with a DSG transmission. On 15 March 2013, China Central Television aired a program for the World Consumer Rights Day. The program criticized the issue associated with DSG-equipped vehicles manufactured by Volkswagen. On 17 March 2013 Volkswagen Group China announced on its official Weibo that it will voluntarily recall vehicles equipped with DSG boxes. Some sources have estimated the failure rate of DSG-equipped vehicles sold in China to be greater than 20,000 per million sold. Sweden VW Sweden stopped selling the Passat EcoFuel DSG as a taxi after many cars had problems with the 7 speed DSG gearbox. They instead offered the Touran EcoFuel DSG, which is using an updated version of the same DSG gearbox. Japan The recall has been extended to Japan with 91,000 (VW and Audi using the same DSG) being recalled. Malaysia 13 days after the Singapore recall, Volkswagen Malaysia also announced a recall for the 7-speed DSG. No official statement was released by the company, but it was stated that a total of 3,962 were involved in the unit recall exercise - units produced between June 2010 and June 2011, with affected vehicles being Golf, Polo, Scirocco, Cross Touran, Passat and Jetta models equipped with the transmission. Worldwide recall 14 November 2013, Volkswagen Group announced a major worldwide recall over problems with the 7-speed DSG gearbox (model: DQ200) which might lead to loss of power, covering some 1.6m cars including those carrying the Audi, Skoda and SEAT badges. Overall, once above 100k miles, repair may be needed immediately whenever strong vibration or gear up-shift/down-shift hesitation is detected. Australian recall 15 October 2019, Australia recall of DSG 7-speed gearboxes. Due to a production fault, over time a crack in the transmissions pressure accumulator can occur. If the pressure accumulator cracks, oil and pressure is lost in the hydraulic system of the gearbox. As a result, the transmission of engine power via the gearbox is interrupted. The experience of this symptom would be comparable to depressing the clutch in a vehicle fitted with a manual transmission. This could increase the likelihood of an accident affecting the occupants of the vehicle and other road users. See also Volkswagen 01M transmission List of ZF transmissions List of Aisin transmissions List of GM transmissions List of Ford transmissions Multimode manual transmission Automatic manual transmission References External links Dual Clutch Transmission - DCT Facts (not implemented yet) Official links Volkswagen AG corporate website Independent links Pictures and diagrams of DQ250 DSG at WorldCarFans.com. Reviews, videos, and explanation of DSG transmission First Drive: Audi TT 3.2 DSG review at VWvortex.com. European interest in dual clutch technology shifts up a gear, an informative article from Just-Auto.com. Computer-controlled Meccano model of a DSG Transmission by Alan Wenbourne of the South East London Meccano Club (SELMEC). Video of Alan Wenbourne's Meccano DSG in operation at YouTube.com. Category:Volkswagen Group Category:Automatic transmission tradenames Category:Automotive transmission technologies Category:Automotive technology tradenames Category:Borg-Warner transmissions de:Doppelkupplungsgetriebe sv:DSG-växellåda"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Stern John Stern John, CM (born 30 October 1976) is a Trinidadian football manager and former player who is currently managing Central F.C. in the TT Pro League. He previously played for a number of American and English football clubs that included Columbus Crew, Bristol City, Nottingham Forest, Birmingham City, Sunderland, Southampton, Crystal Palace, Coventry City and Derby County. Club career Early Career in US John was born in Tunapuna, Trinidad and Tobago and moved to the United States to attend Mercer County Community College in 1995. He joined the Columbus Crew of Major League Soccer (MLS) from the now-defunct New Orleans Riverboat Gamblers of the A-League for the 1998 season. On the recommendation of his older cousin, Columbus Crew defender and Trinidad and Tobago international, Ansil Elcock, John received a try-out with Crew, where he became one of the most prolific scorers in league history. In 1998, John led the league with 26 goals, a record that currently puts him tied for fifth in MLS for goals in one season, and also with 57 points to be named the MLS Scoring Champion. He was named to the MLS Best XI that year as well, and tied for the lead with 18 goals in 1999. Nottingham Forest After the 1999 season with Columbus, John was acquired by Nottingham Forest of the English First Division for a fee of £1.5 million. However, eventual financial difficulties at Forest following the team's failed bid at promotion forced John's sale to Birmingham City in February 2002, then pushing for promotion to the Premier League, for the sum of £100,000. John scored 18 goals in 49 starts for Forest. Birmingham City At Birmingham, John rarely played, although he had some memorable moments in the blue shirt of Birmingham, such as his turn and finish away at West Ham in 2002; his last minute equaliser at Villa Park in the Birmingham derby; and his last minute goal away at Millwall which put Birmingham through to the Playoff Final in 2002. He then scored one of the penalties in the play-off final shootout to help them get promoted to the Premier League. Popular with the Birmingham fans for his crucial and sometimes brilliant goals, he nonetheless fell out of favour with management, and was sold to Coventry City on 14 September 2004. Coventry City In his first season with Coventry, John finished second in team scoring with 12 goals despite starting in barely half of Coventry's games. Derby County At the start of the 2005–06 season, following the signing of James Scowcroft, John found himself outside of manager Micky Adams's first-team plans. As a result, he was loaned to Derby County on 16 September 2005. He rejoined Coventry three months later. Sunderland On 29 January 2007, John was transferred to Sunderland for an undisclosed fee. The signing was Sunderland manager Roy Keane's sixth signing of the 2006–07 season January transfer window. He scored his first goals against Southend United in a 4–0 victory on 17 February 2007. Southampton On 29 August 2007, John moved to Southampton as part of a deal that took his international teammate Kenwyne Jones in the opposite direction. He scored his first goals with two in a 3–2 win against West Bromwich Albion on 6 October 2007. From then on he scored regularly for "The Saints", with nine goals in his first fifteen appearances, including a second half hat trick against Hull City on 8 December 2007. He finished the 2007–08 season fourth highest scorer in the Championship with 19 goals for Southampton. (He had also scored once for Sunderland in the Premier League prior to his transfer.) Before being sent off for a second bookable offence, John scored two goals, including the match winner, in Southampton's final game of the season against Sheffield United, as the Saints narrowly avoided relegation to League One. Bristol City John was loaned to Bristol City in October 2008 until the end of the 2008–09 season. John made his first Bristol City appearance, coming on as a substitute, against Barnsley in a 0–0 draw. John scored his first goal for Bristol City in a 4–1 defeat to Reading at Ashton Gate Stadium on 1 November 2008. Crystal Palace On 29 July 2009 John signed for Crystal Palace on a year-long deal after turning down an offer to stay at Southampton. He made his debut on the opening day of the season against Plymouth Argyle, he had to come off after 35 minutes due to an injury. He returned in mid-October, but joined Ipswich Town on a one-month loan at the end of November. He scored his first goal for Ipswich in a 3–2 win over Coventry City on 16 January 2010. Upon his return to Palace he scored his first goal for the club in a 3–1 win at Watford on 30 March 2010. New Palace manager George Burley had hoped to discuss the player's future at the end of the season, but no discussion occurred, and John left the club. Solihull Moors In August 2012, after two seasons out of English football, John returned, signing for Solihull Moors. However, as of November 2012, he had yet to make an appearance in any competition for the club. WASA FC John retired and moved back to his native Trinidad and Tobago after his spell at Solihull Moors. He came out of retirement a second time in order to join WASA FC of the National Super League of Trinidad and Tobago in January 2014. He scored on his debut Central F.C. John came out of retirement once again in 2016 when he was appointed as player-coach of Central F.C. in the TT Pro League. International career John made his international debut for Trinidad and Tobago national football team on 15 February 1995 against Finland in a Friendly match at the Queen's Park Oval, scoring one goal on his debut. John has been a vital player for the Soca Warriors, currently the team's all-time leading scorer with 70 goals in 115 caps (as of 9 February 2011), and is also the 7th highest international goalscorer according to the list of Top international association football goal scorers by country, behind Pelé, Ferenc Puskás and Ali Daei. He is also the all-time top CONCACAF goal scorer. He was instrumental in helping his country qualify for the 2006 FIFA World Cup and played in all three of his country's World Cup group matches at Germany 2006. In Germany, he scored an offside goal. He was also named Trinidad and Tobago Football Federation Player of the Year in 2002. John is currently the second most capped Trinidad and Tobago international behind former teammate Angus Eve. He was the only player to score in 12 consecutive international matches, from 1998 to 1999. Honours 1998 MLS Scoring Champion 1998 MLS Golden Boot 1998 MLS Best XI 2002 Division 1 Play-offs Winner's Medal 2002 Trinidad and Tobago Football Federation Player of the Year 2007 Championship Winners' Medal with Sunderland Career statistics Club statistics International goals Scores and results list Trinidad and Tobago's goal tally first. Notes References External links Player profile from Southampton F.C. website (via archive.org) Category:1976 births Category:Living people Category:People from Tunapuna–Piarco Category:Trinidad and Tobago footballers Category:Association football forwards Category:Mercer County Community College alumni Category:Carolina Dynamo players Category:New Orleans Riverboat Gamblers players Category:Columbus Crew SC players Category:Nottingham Forest F.C. players Category:Birmingham City F.C. players Category:Coventry City F.C. players Category:Derby County F.C. players Category:Sunderland A.F.C. players Category:Southampton F.C. players Category:Bristol City F.C. players Category:Crystal Palace F.C. players Category:Ipswich Town F.C. players Category:North East Stars F.C. players Category:Solihull Moors F.C. players Category:USISL players Category:USL First Division players Category:Major League Soccer players Category:Major League Soccer All-Stars Category:Premier League players Category:English Football League players Category:TT Pro League players Category:Trinidad and Tobago international footballers Category:1998 CONCACAF Gold Cup players Category:2002 CONCACAF Gold Cup players Category:2005 CONCACAF Gold Cup players Category:2006 FIFA World Cup players Category:FIFA Century Club Category:Trinidad and Tobago expatriate footballers Category:Trinidad and Tobago expatriate sportspeople in the United States Category:Trinidad and Tobago expatriate sportspeople in England Category:Expatriate soccer players in the United States Category:Expatriate footballers in England Category:Trinidad and Tobago football managers Category:Central F.C. managers Category:TT Pro League managers Category:Recipients of the Chaconia Medal"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"LibreOffice Draw LibreOffice Draw is a free and open source vector graphics editor. It is one of the applications included in the LibreOffice office suite, developed by The Document Foundation. LibreOffice Draw can be used to create complicated figures using shape tools, straight and curved tools, polygon tools, among other features. Like the other components of LibreOffice, Draw can be run on Linux, MacOS and Microsoft Windows. LibreOffice Draw natively uses Open Document Format for Office Applications (ODF) (.odg graphics extension) which is an international standard file format established by the Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS). Features Draw can be used to make flowcharts, technical drawings, brochures, posters, photo galleries and albums. Draw includes a spellchecker, autocorrect, thesaurus, hyphenation mode and color replacing. It has a gallery of shapes and drawings. It also supports as macro execution with Java, extensions and has configurable XML filter settings. Import and export function Import, edit, export PDFs Import Microsoft Visio .vsd files Import Microsoft Publisher .pub files. Import from OTT, STW, OTH, OTS, STC, OTP, STI, OTG, STD and VOR formats Export to BMP, EPS, GIF, JPEG, PNG, SVG, WMF, as well as create HTML, XHTML, PDF and SWF files Reception In a 2014 review, Elena Opris wrote in Softpedia, "The Good: LibreOffice's best features are applicable in all modules. Draw sports numerous options and configuration parameters for defining each part of the graphical plan as well as for the general elements in the interface (such as toolbars and keyboard shortcuts). The styles and formatting presets simplify the entire layout designing process. The document recovery feature usually comes to the rescue when experiencing system crashes." Opris noted, "The Bad: The program often takes a while to paste pictures as well as to load some features. It froze several times during our evaluation when inserting files with unsupported formats, which eventually led us to restarting Draw." Writing in December 2017 for It's FOSS, Ankush Das, said, "LibreOffice Draw module is one of the best open source alternatives to Microsoft Visio. With the help of it, you can either choose to make a quick sketch of an idea or a complex professional floor plan for presentation. Flowcharts, organization charts, network diagrams, brochures, posters, and what not! All that without even requiring to spend a penny." PAT Research described Draw in a 2018 review, "LibreOffice Draw is a powerful office and flowchart software that provides a clean interface and tools that enable users to unleash their creativity and enhance their productivity". GoFree wrote, "it is simply amazing that a free vector graphics editor like this can deliver such professional results." References External links Category:Free vector graphics editors Category:LibreOffice"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Upper Lusatian Heath and Pond Landscape The Upper Lusatian Heath and Pond Landscape (also ... District or ... Lake District, ) is a natural region in Saxony. It runs from a line between Wittichenau and Kamenz for roughly 60 kilometres in an east-west direction as far as the River Neisse. Its width between the bordering natural regions of the Upper Lusatian Gefilde and Eastern Upper Lusatia to the south and the Muskau Heath and Upper Lusatian Mining Region to the north is between 15 and 20 kilometres. The landscape is a transition zone between the hilly southern part of Upper Lusatia and Lower Lusatia. Its central part takes in the Upper Lusatian Heath and Pond Landscape Biosphere Reserve, whose core zone is a nature reserve. The region is part of the Saalian glaciation meltwater valley or urstromtal. Valley sands close to the groundwater level at heights of between 130 and 150 metres alternate with stretches of valley bottom over 500 metres wide and only a few metres lower. Dry areas lie next to waterlogged or even boggy areas. Almost 10% of the area is made up of 335 ponds, which makes the Upper Lusatian Heath and Lake District the largest economically utilized pond region in Europe. Part of the original landscape was destroyed by the brown coal open-cast mine around the Boxberg Power Station, however the pits left behind have been flooded and now form a new part of the countryside. The potential natural vegetation (pnV) is birch and oak-pine woods, with alder and ash woods in the water meadows. References External links Large scale grouping, subdivisions and overview map as part of the Upper Lusatia-Lower Silesia Planning Region, retrieved 11 March 2012 Category:Natural regions of Saxony Category:Upper Lusatia Category:Ponds of Germany"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Tân Phước District Tân Phước is a rural district (huyện) of Tien Giang province in the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam. As of 2003 the district had a population of 53,125. The district covers an area of 343 km². The district capital lies at Mỹ Phước. References Category:Districts of Tiền Giang Province"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Annie Lapin Annie Lapin (born 1978) is an American artist who lives and works in Los Angeles, California. Her abstract paintings are grounded in representation. Early life and education Although born in Washington D.C., Lapin spent most of her early years in Kentucky. She received her BA from Yale University in 2001, and completed an MFA at the University of California, Los Angeles, in 2007. Exhibitions Lapin has had solo exhibitions at Grand Arts in Kansas City, Missouri (2008), at the Pasadena Museum of California Art (2009), at the Museum of Contemporary Art Santa Barbara (2012), and at the Weatherspoon Art Museum of the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, where was Falk Visiting Artist in 2013–2014. Notes Further reading Los Angeles Times Review: Annie Lapin's Various Peep Shows Priscilla Frank (January 25, 2014). Annie Lapin's Newest Painting Exhibition Combines Instant Attraction and a Slow Burn. Huffington Post. External links Video: New American Paintings x Future Shipwreck: Annie Lapin Category:1978 births Category:American artists Category:Living people"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"John Wynne (died 1747) John Wynne ( – 9 February 1747) was an Irish politician. He sat in the House of Commons of Ireland from 1727 to 1747 as a Member of Parliament for Castlebar. References Category:1690 births Category:Year of birth uncertain Category:1747 deaths Category:Irish MPs 1727–1760 Category:Members of the Parliament of Ireland (pre-1801) for County Mayo constituencies"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Marianna Csörnyei Marianna Csörnyei (born October 8, 1975 in Budapest) is a Hungarian mathematician who works as a professor at the University of Chicago. She does research in real analysis, geometric measure theory, and geometric nonlinear functional analysis. She proved the equivalence of the zero measure notions of infinite dimensional Banach spaces. Education and career Csörnyei received her doctorate from Eötvös Loránd University in 1999, supervised by György Petruska. She was a professor at the Mathematics Department of University College London between 1999–2011, and spent the 2009–2010 academic year at Yale University as visiting professor. Currently, she is at the University of Chicago. She is contributing editor of the mathematical journal Real Analysis Exchange. Awards and honors Csörnyei won a 2002 Whitehead Prize and a Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award that same year. She was also awarded the Philip Leverhulme Prize for Mathematics and Statistics in 2008 for her work in geometric measure theory. She was an invited sectional speaker at the International Congress of Mathematicians, in 2010. External links Csörnyei's faculty page at the University of Chicago References Category:1975 births Category:Living people Category:21st-century Hungarian mathematicians Category:Mathematical analysts Category:Academics of University College London Category:Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award holders Category:Whitehead Prize winners Category:21st-century women mathematicians"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Marie C. Couvent Elementary School Marie C. Couvent Elementary was a historic elementary school in New Orleans, Louisiana named for Marie Couvent, an African American former slave who married successful African American businessman Bernard Couvent and deeded property for a school for orphans in her community (Institute Catholique). The school was built in 1940 in Faubourg Marigny and originally named Marigny Elementary School. It was renamed for Marie Couvent and renamed again in 1997 to A. P. Tureaud Elementary School because the Couvents had slaves. History In 1989 Sun Ra performed in front of the school. In the 1990s a campaign was launched to rename city public schools that venerated slaveholders. Since Couvent and her husband owned slaves, and the school changed its name in 1997 to A. P. Tureaud Elementary School for A.P. Tureaud. Manumission may have been illegal during the era they lived so their options to free people may have been limited. The school closed in 2013. References Category:Public elementary schools in Louisiana Category:Defunct elementary schools in New Orleans Category:1940 establishments in Louisiana"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
"Jared Allen (quarterback) Jared Allen (born August 26, 1981) is an American football coach and former player. He was the starting quarterback at FAU from 2001 to 2004 and also played professionally for the Amsterdam Admirals of NFL Europe in 2006. High school career Allen attended Edmond Santa Fe High School in Edmond, Oklahoma. As a senior, he completed 171 of 282 passes for 1,973 yards and 18 touchdowns. As a junior, he connected on 145 of 232 attempts for 1,502 yards and 9 touchdowns. He was named a 1999 Blue Chip athlete. He earned first-team All-Edmond Area, All-Metro Conference, All-District 6A-1, all-city (Oklahoma City) and Oklahoma Coaches Association all-state honors. Allen was named to the Jim Thorpe All-Star Game and was selected MVP. He was a two-sport athlete (football and basketball). College career Allen started four years at Florida Atlantic and was named the team's MVP in 2003, the offensive MVP in 2002, and the team MVP in 2001. He played in 47 games and started 44 times. Throughout his collegiate career, he completed 570 of 1,003 passes for 8,100 yards and 50 touchdowns. He was redshirted in 2000 and majored in political science. Professional career 2005 season Allen signed with the Tampa Bay Buccaneers as an undrafted free agent on May 5, 2005. He was released on August 31, 2005. 2006 season Allen was re-signed on January 5, 2006 and was allocated to the NFL Europe's Amsterdam Admirals. He shared backup quarterback duties with Reggie Robertson playing one quarter per game every other week, until starting quarterback Gibran Hamdan broke his ankle. Jared Allen was then granted the starting job, leading the Amsterdam Admirals to one win (away vs. the Frankfurt Galaxy) and two losses during the remaining regular season games. The one win was sufficient to secure first place in the season and a spot in the World Bowl, which was lost to the Frankfurt Galaxy by 7–22. Allen was released on August 29. Coaching career In January, 2012 Allen was name the tight ends coach at Florida Atlantic University (FAU). After the 2013 season, Allen stepped back into an administrative role as director of player personnel and external relations. In 2015, he returned to a positional coach this time coaching running backs. Following the 2016 season, Allen stepped back from coaching for the 2017 season. External links FAU profile Category:1981 births Category:Living people Category:American football quarterbacks Category:Amsterdam Admirals players Category:Florida Atlantic Owls football coaches Category:Florida Atlantic Owls football players Category:Players of American football from Oklahoma Category:Sportspeople from Edmond, Oklahoma"
{ "pile_set_name": "Wikipedia (en)" }
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YAML Metadata Warning: empty or missing yaml metadata in repo card (https://huggingface.co/docs/hub/datasets-cards)

Wikipedia (en)

The Wikipedia (en) dataset is taken from the Wikipedia site as a standard source of high-quality text for language modeling.

Citation:

@misc{gao2020pile,
      title={The Pile: An 800GB Dataset of Diverse Text for Language Modeling},
      author={Leo Gao and Stella Biderman and Sid Black and Laurence Golding and Travis Hoppe and Charles Foster and Jason Phang and Horace He and Anish Thite and Noa Nabeshima and Shawn Presser and Connor Leahy},
      year={2020},
      eprint={2101.00027},
      archivePrefix={arXiv},
      primaryClass={cs.CL}
}
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