idx
stringlengths
1
4
task
stringclasses
12 values
image_relation
stringclasses
10 values
image_type
stringclasses
12 values
question
stringlengths
18
5.26k
options
sequencelengths
3
5
answer
stringclasses
5 values
image_list
images listlengths
2
9
counterpart_idx
stringlengths
1
4
0
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Identify the map image that shows overlapping geographic areas similar to <image>.
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
C
1
1
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Identify the map image that shows overlapping geographic areas similar to <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
C
0
2
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image portrays the same overlapping geographic region as in <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
A
3
3
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image portrays the same overlapping geographic region as in <image>?
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
B
2
4
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Determine the map image that shares overlapping geographic features with <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
D
5
5
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Determine the map image that shares overlapping geographic features with <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
D
4
6
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Select the map image that represents geographic regions overlapping with <image>.
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
C
7
7
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Select the map image that represents geographic regions overlapping with <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
D
6
8
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Among these map images, which one depicts overlapping geographic regions like <image>?
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
C
9
9
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Among these map images, which one depicts overlapping geographic regions like <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
C
8
10
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Select the map image that represents geographic regions overlapping with <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
D
11
11
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Select the map image that represents geographic regions overlapping with <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
D
10
12
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image portrays the same overlapping geographic region as in <image>?
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
D
13
13
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image portrays the same overlapping geographic region as in <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
C
12
14
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Find the map image that exhibits overlapping geographic features akin to <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
D
15
15
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Find the map image that exhibits overlapping geographic features akin to <image>.
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
B
14
16
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image contains overlapping geographical areas, similar to those in <image>?
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
D
17
17
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image contains overlapping geographical areas, similar to those in <image>?
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
A
16
18
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Among these map images, which one depicts overlapping geographic regions like <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
B
19
19
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Among these map images, which one depicts overlapping geographic regions like <image>?
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
A
18
20
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Among these map images, which one depicts overlapping geographic regions like <image>?
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
D
21
21
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Among these map images, which one depicts overlapping geographic regions like <image>?
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
B
20
22
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Select the map image that represents geographic regions overlapping with <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
D
23
23
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Select the map image that represents geographic regions overlapping with <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
C
22
24
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image showcases overlapping geographical regions, akin to <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
C
25
25
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image showcases overlapping geographical regions, akin to <image>?
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
B
24
26
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Determine the map image that shares overlapping geographic features with <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
C
27
27
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Determine the map image that shares overlapping geographic features with <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
D
26
28
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image displays geographic regions that overlap with those in <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
D
29
29
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image displays geographic regions that overlap with those in <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
D
28
30
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Determine the map image that shares overlapping geographic features with <image>.
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
D
31
31
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Determine the map image that shares overlapping geographic features with <image>.
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
B
30
32
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Among these map images, which one depicts overlapping geographic regions like <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
D
33
33
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Among these map images, which one depicts overlapping geographic regions like <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
D
32
34
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Among these map images, which one depicts overlapping geographic regions like <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
B
35
35
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Among these map images, which one depicts overlapping geographic regions like <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
D
34
36
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image contains overlapping geographical areas, similar to those in <image>?
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
C
37
37
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image contains overlapping geographical areas, similar to those in <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
C
36
38
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Find the map image that exhibits overlapping geographic features akin to <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
A
39
39
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Find the map image that exhibits overlapping geographic features akin to <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
D
38
40
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image showcases overlapping geographical regions, akin to <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
A
41
41
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image showcases overlapping geographical regions, akin to <image>?
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
A
40
42
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Find the map image that illustrates geographic areas overlapping with those in <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
B
43
43
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Find the map image that illustrates geographic areas overlapping with those in <image>.
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
B
42
44
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Find the map image that exhibits overlapping geographic features akin to <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
D
45
45
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Find the map image that exhibits overlapping geographic features akin to <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
C
44
46
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Select the map image that represents geographic regions overlapping with <image>.
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
A
47
47
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Select the map image that represents geographic regions overlapping with <image>.
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
A
46
48
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image contains overlapping geographical areas, similar to those in <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
A
49
49
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image contains overlapping geographical areas, similar to those in <image>?
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
B
48
50
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image contains overlapping geographical areas, similar to those in <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
C
51
51
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image contains overlapping geographical areas, similar to those in <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
D
50
52
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Find the map image that exhibits overlapping geographic features akin to <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
A
53
53
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Find the map image that exhibits overlapping geographic features akin to <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
C
52
54
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Among these map images, which one depicts overlapping geographic regions like <image>?
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
A
55
55
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Among these map images, which one depicts overlapping geographic regions like <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
C
54
56
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Determine the map image that shares overlapping geographic features with <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
A
57
57
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Determine the map image that shares overlapping geographic features with <image>.
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
B
56
58
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Determine the map image that shares overlapping geographic features with <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
C
59
59
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Determine the map image that shares overlapping geographic features with <image>.
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
B
58
60
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Find the map image that illustrates geographic areas overlapping with those in <image>.
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
C
61
61
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Find the map image that illustrates geographic areas overlapping with those in <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
C
60
62
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Among these map images, which one depicts overlapping geographic regions like <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
B
63
63
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Among these map images, which one depicts overlapping geographic regions like <image>?
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
A
62
64
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image displays geographic regions that overlap with those in <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
B
65
65
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image displays geographic regions that overlap with those in <image>?
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
A
64
66
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image showcases overlapping geographical regions, akin to <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
B
67
67
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image showcases overlapping geographical regions, akin to <image>?
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
A
66
68
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image showcases overlapping geographical regions, akin to <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
A
69
69
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image showcases overlapping geographical regions, akin to <image>?
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
B
68
70
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image contains overlapping geographical areas, similar to those in <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
D
71
71
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image contains overlapping geographical areas, similar to those in <image>?
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
A
70
72
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Determine the map image that shares overlapping geographic features with <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
C
73
73
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Determine the map image that shares overlapping geographic features with <image>.
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
B
72
74
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Select the map image that represents geographic regions overlapping with <image>.
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
B
75
75
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Select the map image that represents geographic regions overlapping with <image>.
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
B
74
76
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Select the map image that represents geographic regions overlapping with <image>.
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
B
77
77
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Select the map image that represents geographic regions overlapping with <image>.
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
A
76
78
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image showcases overlapping geographical regions, akin to <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
C
79
79
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image showcases overlapping geographical regions, akin to <image>?
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
A
78
80
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Determine the map image that shares overlapping geographic features with <image>.
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
C
81
81
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Determine the map image that shares overlapping geographic features with <image>.
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
A
80
82
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image showcases overlapping geographical regions, akin to <image>?
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
D
83
83
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image showcases overlapping geographical regions, akin to <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
D
82
84
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image showcases overlapping geographical regions, akin to <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
D
85
85
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image showcases overlapping geographical regions, akin to <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
C
84
86
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Select the map image that represents geographic regions overlapping with <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
B
87
87
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Select the map image that represents geographic regions overlapping with <image>.
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
B
86
88
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image contains overlapping geographical areas, similar to those in <image>?
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
D
89
89
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image contains overlapping geographical areas, similar to those in <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
D
88
90
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Find the map image that exhibits overlapping geographic features akin to <image>.
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
D
91
91
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Find the map image that exhibits overlapping geographic features akin to <image>.
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
D
90
92
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Among these map images, which one depicts overlapping geographic regions like <image>?
[ "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>", "<image>" ]
D
93
93
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Among these map images, which one depicts overlapping geographic regions like <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
D
92
94
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image displays geographic regions that overlap with those in <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
D
95
95
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image displays geographic regions that overlap with those in <image>?
[ "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>", "<image>" ]
B
94
96
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image displays geographic regions that overlap with those in <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
B
97
97
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image displays geographic regions that overlap with those in <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
C
96
98
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image showcases overlapping geographical regions, akin to <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided" ]
B
99
99
Geographic Understanding
Overall Similarity
Map
Which map image showcases overlapping geographical regions, akin to <image>?
[ "<image>", "<image>", "None of the choices provided", "<image>" ]
C
98

MuirBench: A Comprehensive Benchmark for Robust Multi-image Understanding

🌐 Homepage | 📖 Paper | 💻 Evaluation

Intro

MuirBench is a benchmark containing 11,264 images and 2,600 multiple-choice questions, providing robust evaluation on 12 multi-image understanding tasks.

  • MuirBench evaluates on a comprehensive range of 12 multi-image understanding abilities, e.g. geographic understanding, diagram understanding, visual retrieval, ..., etc, while prior benchmarks generally contain single-image questions.
  • MuirBench contains 10 diverse multi-image relations, e.g. narrative, complementary, etc.
  • MuirBench provides a robust evaluation on models by unanswerable instance variants. Three major ways to create the unanswerable instances are as below.

Results

Evaluated upon 20 recent multi-modal LLMs, our results reveal that even the best-performing models like GPT-4o and Gemini Pro find it challenging to solve MuirBench, achieving 68.0% and 49.3% in accuracy. Open-source multimodal LLMs trained on single images can hardly generalize to multi-image questions, hovering below 33.3% in accuracy. These results highlight the importance of MuirBench in encouraging the community to develop multimodal LLMs that can look beyond a single image, suggesting potential pathways for future improvements.

Disclaimer

MuirBench incorporates data sourced from established image datasets. Every effort has been made to ensure that the data presented in this paper is utilized in compliance with relevant copyright laws and appropriately credited. Should any copyright holder identify an image in our work that they believe infringes upon their licensing agreements, we invite them to contact us directly. We are committed to addressing any legitimate concerns in a timely and responsible manner.

Contact

Citation

@article{wang2024muirbench,
  title={MuirBench: A Comprehensive Benchmark for Robust Multi-image Understanding},
  author={Wang, Fei and Fu, Xingyu and Huang, James Y and Li, Zekun and Liu, Qin and Liu, Xiaogeng and Ma, Mingyu Derek and Xu, Nan and Zhou, Wenxuan and Zhang, Kai and others},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:2406.09411},
  year={2024}
}
Downloads last month
138
Edit dataset card