```
license: apache-2.0
datasets:
- wikipedia
- bookcorpus
language:
- en
```

##
Pretraining Without Attention(BiGS)

##
Official JAX Models with maximal sequence length 4096

### Paper | |

This repository contains BiGS's jax model definitions, pretrained models weights, training and fintuning code for our paper exploring using state space models for pretraining. You can find more details in our paper.

**Pretraining Without Attention**

Junxiong Wang, Jing Nathan Yan, Albert Gu, Alexander M.Rush

Cornell University, Cornell Tech, DeepMind

Transformers have been essential to pretraining success in NLP. While other architectures have been used, downstream accuracy is either significantly worse, or requires attention layers to match standard benchmarks such as GLUE. This work explores pretraining without attention by using recent advances in sequence routing based on state-space models (SSMs). Our proposed model, Bidirectional Gated SSM (BiGS), combines SSM layers with a multiplicative gating architecture that has been effective in simplified sequence modeling architectures. The model learns static layers that do not consider pair-wise interactions. Even so, BiGS is able to match BERT pretraining accuracy on GLUE and can be extended to long-form pretraining of 4096 tokens without approximation. Analysis shows that while the models have similar accuracy, the approach has significantly different inductive biases than BERT in terms of interactions and syntactic representations.

### Load Masked Language Model

```
import jax
from jax import numpy as jnp
from transformers import BertTokenizer
from BiGS.modeling_flax_bigs import FlaxBiGSForMaskedLM
tokenizer = BertTokenizer.from_pretrained('bert-large-uncased')
model = FlaxBiGSForMaskedLM.from_pretrained('JunxiongWang/BiGS_4096')
text = "The goal of life is [MASK]."
encoded_input = tokenizer(text, return_tensors='np', padding='max_length', max_length=4096)
output = model(**encoded_input)
tokenizer.convert_ids_to_tokens(jnp.flip(jnp.argsort(jax.nn.softmax(output.logits[encoded_input['input_ids']==103]))[0])[:10])
text = "Paris is the [MASK] of France."
encoded_input = tokenizer(text, return_tensors='np', padding='max_length', max_length=4096)
output = model(**encoded_input)
tokenizer.convert_ids_to_tokens(jnp.flip(jnp.argsort(jax.nn.softmax(output.logits[encoded_input['input_ids']==103]))[0])[:10])
```

### Load Sequence Classification Model

```
from BiGS.modeling_flax_bigs import FlaxBiGSForSequenceClassification
model = FlaxBiGSForSequenceClassification.from_pretrained('JunxiongWang/BiGS_4096')
```

### Load Question Answering Model

```
from BiGS.modeling_flax_bigs import FlaxBiGSForQuestionAnswering
model = FlaxBiGSForQuestionAnswering.from_pretrained('JunxiongWang/BiGS_4096')
```

### Load Multiple Choice Classification Model

```
from BiGS.modeling_flax_bigs import FlaxBiGSForMultipleChoice
model = FlaxBiGSForMultipleChoice.from_pretrained('JunxiongWang/BiGS_4096')
```